Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Land degradation: an overview; 2. Why is land degradation occurring?; 3. Land degradation through global pollution: the 'greenhouse effect'; 4. Land degradation through global pollution: stratospheric ozone depletion, acid deposition and tropospheric ozone increase; 5. Degradation of tropical rainforests, tropical/subtropical seasonally dry and tropical/subtropical upland forests, woodlands and scrublands; 6. Degradation of seasonally dry tropical/subtropical and Mediterranean woodlands and scrublands, temperate and high-latitude forests; 7. The degradation of wetlands, tundra, uplands and islands; 8. Land degradation in drylands; 9. Non-erosive soil degradation; 10. Erosive soil degradation; 11. Land degradation through warfare, mineral extraction, industrial and urban development and increased movement of organisms; 12. Conclusion: conservation and preventative/remedial strategies; References; Index.