This set consists of two volumes on the family Gentianaceae.
Comprising twelve chapters, The Gentianaceae, Volume 1 centres upon the characterization and ecology of Gentianaceae worldwide, with emphasis on the application of molecular and cytological approaches in relation to taxonomy. The first three chapters consider the classification of the family and review the advances in research since the earlier revision published in 2002, which resulted in the reclassification of some plants and the naming of new genera. The next chapter provides the most comprehensive report to date of the systematics of South American Neotropical woody Gentians.
Other reviews include details of the Gentianaceae in Eastern Europe. The key biochemical steps that result in the diversity of Gentian flower colors, the cytology of European species and an historical account of the importance of Gentians in herbal medicines are also covered. Furthermore, an analysis of gene expression in overwintering buds is presented, discussing several aspects of plant taxonomy, phenotypic characteristics, phylogeography and pedigree.
Two contributions highlight the importance of Gentians in India, and the last chapter presents evidence for the importance of Glomeromycota in developing arbuscular mycorrhizal associations with the roots of Gentians.
The Gentianaceae, Volume 2 is devoted to aspects of biotechnology and their applications. It consists of 18 chapters and covers micropropagation by means of organogenesis or somatic embryogenesis, and single cell manipulation of various species belonging to the horticultural genera Blakstonia, Centaurium, Gentiana, Gentianalla and Swertia. Furthermore, the application of somatic cell hybridization, haploidization and genetic variation arising from tissue and organ culture for the production of plants with new horticultural traits, such as new flower colors or sizes, or with special pharmaceutical values, is treated in detail. Also discussed are molecular markers that facilitate breeding and cultivar identification, the preservation of genetic resources by cryopreservation, the postharvest physiology of cut Gentian flowers and potted plants, and different analytical methods for the evaluation of Gentians as sources of secondary metabolites, such as xanthones and flavonoids, secoiridoids and C-glucoflavonoids, and their positive impacts on human health.
1. Morphological Characteristics of the Family Gentianaceae; James S. Pringle
2. Classification and Evolution of the Family Gentianaceae; Lena Struwe
3. A Monographic Revision of the Neotropical Genus Macrocarpaea (Gentianaceae) in Ecuador; Jason R.Grant
4. A Review of Taxonomy and Distribution of the Gentianaceae in the Ukraine; Natalia M. Shiyan
5. Distribution, Ecology and Some Taxonomical Notes of Genera Gentiana L. and Gentianella Moech (Gentianaceae) in the Balkans; Vladimir Stevanović, Ksenija Jakovljević
6. Biochemical and Morphological Determination of Flower Color in Gentianaceae; Ewa Młodzińska
7. Karyology of European Species of Genus Gentiana L.; Vitaliy M. Mel'nyk, Nadia M. Drobyk, Maryana O. Twardovska, Viktor A. Kunakh
8. 21st Century Centauries - An Updated Review on Centaurium Hill and Allies (Gentianaceae); Guilhem Mansion
9. Genes Expressed in the Overwinter Buds of Gentian (Gentiana spp.): Application to Taxonomic, Phylogenetic and Phylogeographical Analyses; Ken-ichi Tsutsumi, Takashi Hikage
10. Exacum bicolor Roxb. an Exquisite, Under Exploited Wild Ornamental; Sreelatha Unniampurath, Thachattiry Sankaran Baburaj, Changarangath Narayanankutty
11. Indian Swertia from Eastern Himalaya: Strategies of Conservation and Biotechnological Improvements; Tapojita Samaddar, Sumita Jha, Timir Baran Jha
12. The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza in the Growth and Development of Plants in the Family Gentianaceae; Zuzana Sýkorová
1 Systems of plant regeneration in gentian in vitro cultures; Jan J. Rybczyński , Michael R Davey , Karolina Tomiczak, Agnieszka Niedziela, Anna Mikuła
2 In vitro manipulation and propagation of Gentiana L. species from the Ukrainian flora; Nadia M. Drobyk, Lyudmyla R. Hrytsak, Vitaliy M. Mel'nyk, Lyudmyla B. Kravets, Iryna I. Konvalyuk, Maryanna O. Twardovska, Victor A. Kunakh
3 In vitro studies and biotechnology of Taiwan native species of family Gentianaceae; Hsin-Sheng Tsay, Sushim Kumar Gupta, Shih-Hung Huang, Chao-Lin Kuo, Fu Shin Chuen, Hung-Chi Chang
4 Biotechnology and phytochemistry of Gentianella species from the central regions of the Balkan Peninsula; Dijana Krstić-Milošević, Branka Vinterhalter, Teodora Janković, Dragan Vinterhalter
5 The role of arabinogalactan proteins in Centaurium erythraea Rafn morphogenesis in vitro; Milana Trifunović, Angelina Subotić, Marija Petrić, Sladjana Jevremović
6 Somatic embryogenesis in long-term cultures of Gentiana lutea L. in the presence of osmotic stress; Irina Holobiuc
7 Protoplast culture and somatic cell hybridization of gentians; Karolina Tomiczak, Anna Mikuła, J. Rybczyński
8 Haploid and doubled haploid plants production in gentian (Gentiana spp.); Hisako doi:and Yoshihito Takahata
9 Genetic variation induced by tissue and organ culture in Gentiana species; Victor A. Kunakh, Vitaliy M. Mel'nyk, Nadia.M. Drobyk, Ivan O. Andreev, Katarina.V. Spiridonova, Maryanna.O. Twardovska, Iryna.I. Konvalyuk, Victor I. Adonin
10 Molecular breeding of Japanese gentians - Applications of genetic transformation, metabolome analyses, and genetic markers; Masahiro Nishihara, Kei-Ichiro Mishiba, Tomohiro Imamura, Hideyuki Takahashi, Takashi Nakatsuka
11 Cryopreservation of Gentianaceae: trends and applications; Anna Mikuła, Karolina Tomiczak, Lucyna Domżalska, Jan J. Rybczyński
12 Postharvest physiology of flowers from family Gentianaceae; Fisun G. Çelikel
13 Tissue and organ cultures of gentians as potential sources of xanthones and flavonoids; Nadia M. Drobyk, Vitaliy M. Mel'nyk, Maryana O. Twardovska, Iryna I. Konvalyuk, Viktor A. Kunakh
14 Bioactive secondary metabolites in several genera of the Gentianaceae species from the central region of Balkan Peninsula; Katarina Šavikin, Ivana S. Aljančić, Vlatka E. Vajs, Slobodan M. Milosavljević, Milka Jadranin, Iris Ðorđević, Nebojša R. Menković
15 Profiling, isolation, chemical characterisation and distribution of Gentianaceae constituents; Jean-Luc Wolfender, Aurélie Urbain, Kurt Hostettmann
16 Phytochemistry and Biotechnological Approches; Ewa Skrzypczak-Pietraszek
17 Gentianae radix; Waldemar Buchwald, Pawel L. Mikolajczak
18 Gentians used in South America as antimalarial agents; Renata Braga Souza Lima, Gina Frausin, Stacy Brody, Lena Struwe, Adrian Martin Pohlit
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