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Basal Late Miocene Mammal Fauna from Tapar and Pasuda, Kachchh

Journal / Magazine

Series: Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Reihe A: Geologie und Paläontologie Volume: 43

By: Ansuya Bhandari (Author), Martin Pickford (Author), Brahma Nand Tiwari (Author)

38 pages, 24 colour & 8 b/w illustrations, 8 tables

Verlag Friedrich Pfeil

Paperback | Sep 2015 | #226160 | ISBN-13: 9783899371994
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £28.99 $37/€34 approx

About this book

Language: English

The Kachchh Peninsula, Gujarat, western India, contains a series of Neogene terrestrial and marine deposits overlying Palaeogene, Cretaceous and Jurassic rocks. Previous studies based on rare and scattered occurrences of terrestrial mammals suggested that only Early and basal Middle Miocene strata were represented in the Neogene of the region, but recent field research has extended the fossil register into the Late Miocene, with taxa such as Hipparion, Kachchhchoerus salinus and Tetraconodon indicus being represented at Tapar and Pasuda. The aim of this contribution is to describe the new collections of mammals from Kachchh in order to refine the biochronology of the deposits. A review of previously known faunas is included to complete the terrestrial Neogene biostratigraphy of the Kachchh sediments.


Contents

Introduction     7
Materials and methods     7
Stratigraphy of Pasuda and Tapar     8
Depositional environment of the mammal-bearing strata at Pasuda and Tapar     8
Biostratigraphic context of the Kachchh mammal-bearing strata     11
Non-Mammalian fauna from Tapar     11
Mammalian Fauna from Tapar and Pasuda     15
Systematic Palaeontology     13
    Order Rodentia Bowdich, 1821     13
    Family Muridae Illiger, 1811     13
    Family Cricetidae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817     13
    Family Sciuridae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817     13
    Family Rhizomyidae Winge, 1887     13
    Order Chiroptera Blumenbach, 1779     14
    “Insectivore”     14
    Order Carnivora Bowdich, 1821     14
    Family Amphicyonidae Haeckel, 1866     14
    Superfamily Hominoidea Gray, 1825     14
    Order Sirenia Illiger, 1811     15
    Order Proboscidea Illiger, 1811     15
    Family Gomphotheriidae Hay, 1922     15
    Genus Gomphotherium Burmeister, 1837     15
    Family Deinotheriidae Bonaparte, 1845     15
    Genus Deinotherium Kaup 1829     15
    Species Deinotherium sindiense Lydekker, 1880     16
    Order Perissodactyla Owen, 1848     16
    Family Equidae Gray, 1821     16
    Genus Hipparion Christol, 1832     16
    Hipparion sensu lato     16
    Family Rhinocerotidae Gray, 1821     19
    Genus Brachypotherium Roger, 1904     19
    Species Brachypotherium perimense (Falconer & Cautley, 1847)     19
    Rhinocerotidae genus indet. large     19
    Order Artiodactyla Owen, 1848     19
    Family Anthracotheriidae Gill, 1872     19
    Genus Sivameryx Lydekker, 1878     19
    Species Sivameryx palaeindicus Lydekker, 1877     19
    Family Suidae Gray, 1821     20
    Genus Kachchhchoerus nov.     20
    Species Kachchhchoerus salinus (Pilgrim, 1926)     20
    Genus Tetraconodon Falconer, 1868     24
    Species Tetraconodon indicus (Lydekker, 1884a)     24
    Family Sanitheriidae Simpson, 1945     28
    Genus Sanitherium Von Meyer 1866     28
    Species Sanitherium schlagintweiti Von Meyer, 1866     28
    Family Tragulidae Milne-Edwards, 1864     28
    Genus Dorcatherium Kaup & Scholl, 1834     28
    Species Dorcatherium minus Lydekker, 1876     28
    Family Giraffidae Gray, 1821     28
    Genus Giraffokeryx Pilgrim, 1910     28
    Species Giraffokeryx punjabiensis Pilgrim, 1910     28
    Genus Giraffa Brisson, 1762     29
    Species Giraffa priscilla Matthew, 1929     29
    Family Bovidae Gray, 1821     31
    Genus Protragocerus Depéret, 1887     31
    Species cf. Protragocerus sp.     31
    Genus Gazella Blainville, 1816     32
    Species cf. Gazella sp.     32
Overview of Kachchh-Cambay Mammal Biostratigraphy     32
Palaeoenvironment     35
Eustacy and the Kachchh “Faluns”     35
Conclusions     35
Acknowledgements     36
References     36
Annex 1     39
Annex 2     40


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