868 pages, colour & b/w photos, colour & b/w illustrations, colour & b/w tables
The study of ancient metals in their social and cultural contexts has been a topic of considerable interest in archaeology and ancient history for decades, partly due to the modern dependence on technology and man-made materials. The formal study of Archaeometallurgy began in the 1970s-1980s, and has seen a recent growth in techniques, data, and theoretical movements.
This comprehensive sourcebook on Archaeometallurgy provides an overview of earlier research as well as a review of modern techniques, written in an approachable way. Covering an extensive range of archaeological time-periods and regions, Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective will be a valuable resource for those studying archaeology worldwide. It provides a clear, straightforward look at the available methodologies, including:
- Smelting processes
- Slag analysis
- Technical Ceramics
- Archaeology of Mining and Field Survey
- Chemical Analysis and Provenance Studies
- Conservation Studies
With chapters focused on most geographic regions of Archaeometallurgical inquiry, researchers will find practical applications for metallurgical techniques in any area of their study.
"Benjamin Roberts and Christopher Thornton have brought together the right people to produce a superb book [...] that will be of useful service for some decades. [...] It deserves to become the standard text for a decade, while the first part, which should age more slowly, deserves to be even longer. [...] Roberts and Thornton book is the more accessible and will probably have the greater shelf-life and influence."
– Rob A. Ixer, European Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 18 (3), 2015
Chapter 1: Introduction. Benjamin W. Roberts and Christopher P. Thornton
Chapter 2: From Ores to Metals. David Killick
Chapter 3: Metals. Michael Notis
Chapter 4: Metallography and Microstructure of Metallic Artefacts. David A. Scott
Chapter 5: The Investigation of Archaeometallurgical Slag. Andreas Hauptmann
Chapter 6: Technical Ceramics. Marcos Martinon-Torres and Thilo Rehren
Chapter 7: Methods of Mining Archaeology (Montanarchaologie). Thomas Stollner
Chapter 8: Experimental Archaeometallurgy. Julia Heeb and Barbara Ottaway
Chapter 9: Ethnoarchaeological and Historical Methods. Louise Iles and S. Terry Childs
Chapter 10: Chemical and Isotopic Studies of Ancient Metals. A. Mark Pollard and Peter Bray
Chapter 11: Provenance Determination of Archaeological Metal Objects. Ernst Pernicka
Chapter 12: A Conservator's Perspective on Ancient Metallurgy. Deborah Schorsch
Chapter 13: Copper Working Technologies, Context of Use, and Social Complexity in the Eastern Woodlands of Native North America. Kathleen L. Ehrhardt
Chapter 14: West Mexican Metallurgy: Revisited and Revised. Dorothy Hosler
Chapter 15: Andean Metallurgy in Prehistory. Heather Lechtman
Chapter 16: Production Networks and Consumer Choice in the Earliest Metal of Western Europe. Benjamin W. Roberts
Chapter 17: Aspects of Metalworking and Society from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea during the 5th-2nd Millennium BC. Tobias L Kienlin
Chapter 18: Early Metallurgy in the Central Mediterranean. Andrea Dolfini
Chapter 19: Cairo to Cape: The Spread of Metallurgy through Eastern and Southern Africa. David Killick
Chapter 20: Organization and Specialization of Early Mining and Metal Technologies in Anatolia. Joseph W. Lehner and K. Aslihan Yener
Chapter 21: Who Dunnit? New Clues Concerning the Development of Chalcolithic Metal Technology in the Southern Levant. Jonathan Golden
Chapter 22: Ancient Metallurgy in the Caucasus from the 6th to the 3rd Millennium BCE. Antoine Courcier
Chapter 23: The Emergence of Complex Metallurgy on the Iranian Plateau. Christopher P. Thornton
Chapter 24: Production and Consumption of Copper-base Metals in the Indus Civilization. Brett C. Hoffman and Heather M.-L. Miller
Chapter 25: Early Metal in South India: Copper and Iron in Megalithic Contexts. Praveena Gullapalli
Chapter 26: Metals, Society and Economy in the Late Prehistoric Eurasian Steppe. Roger Doonan, Bryan Hanks, Dmitry Zdanovich, Elena Kupriyanova, Derek Pitman, Natal'ya Batanina and James Johnson
Chapter 27: Metallurgy in Ancient Eastern Asia: Retrospect and Prospects. Katheryn M. Linduff and Jianjun Mei
Chapter 28: The Transmission of Early Bronze Technology to Thailand: New Perspectives. Joyce C. White and Elizabeth G. Hamilton
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Ben Roberts is a specialist in the early metallurgy and later prehistoric archaeology of Europe. He was the Curator of the European Copper and Bronze Age collections at the British Museum between 2007 and 2012 and is now a Lecturer in Prehistoric Europe in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Durham, UK.
Chris Thornton is a specialist in the ancient metallurgy of the Middle East, combining anthropological theory with archaeometrical analysis to understand the development and diffusion of metallurgical technologies throughout Eurasia. His is currently a Consulting Scholar of the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where he received his PhD in 2009, and the Lead Program Officer of research grants at the National Geographic Society.