This volume reports on the results of faunal inventory of Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary. This sanctuary, with an area of 42,294 ha, lies within revenue limits of Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh and Udaipur districts in the south west region of Rajasthan State. The sanctuary is characterized by teak forest in the Rajasthan State and forms the north-western limit of teak-bamboo forests in India. Zoogeographically, Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary lies at the junction of the Aravalli, Vindyan Hill Ranges and Malwa Plateau and thus harbours distinctive floral and faunal diversity. It is incomparable for biodiversity and a nexus of habitats, which includes areas of teak stands, bamboo stands, wetlands, springs, perennial streams, undulating mountains, natural gorges and grooves of mixed woodlands. The perennial rivers Jakham, Sitamata and Karrnoi provide habitat for tropical moist deciduous plant species, which form micro habitat especially for many of the species that have moved from Himalaya, Indo-Malayan and African regions, in addition to the elements from Western Ghats. Some of the important plant species found in Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary include Sterculia urens, Dendrocalamus strictus, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Buchanania lanzan, Desmostachya bipinnata, Gloriosa superba and Vanda orchid. Faunal species include Star tortoise, Marsh crocodile or Mugger, Long-billed Vulture, White-rumped Vulture, Scavenger Vulture, Aravalli Red Spur Fowl, Grey Jungle Fowl, Pangolin, Ratel, Four horned antelope, Giant flying squirrel, Leopard/Panther and many species of small mammals. The rich and diverse flora and fauna provides an ideal habitat for research and conservation of important taxa.
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