It is hard to be unaware of the earth in San Francisco. Built on rocky hills, the city is surrounded on three sides by bay and ocean that can be seen from nearly everywhere within it. Precipitous cliffs face the city from across the Golden Gate, and the skyline to the north, east, and south is dominated by mountains. Occasional tremors from the San Andreas and related faults nearby remind us that the earth here is active. Until recently the rocks so abundantly exposed in San Francisco baffled geologists. Jumbled together without apparent order and lacking visible fossils, they defied explanation. The theory of plate tectonics has changed all that. We now have an explanation for the origin of the rocks of San Francisco, although it is anything but simple.
Trip 1. A Streetcar to Subduction 10
Trip 2. To Fort Mason and Subducted Sandstone 17
Trip 3. Baker's Beach and Fort Point: A Trip to Melange and Serpentine 19
Trip 4. A Sedentary Survey of the Structure of the City (With Side Trips Afoot) 25
Trip 5. Marin Headlands: Pillow Basalt and Chert 38
Trip 6. A Boat Trip to the Blueschist Facies:Angel Island and the Metamorphosed Franciscan 45
Trip 7. After SubductionIs Over: A BART Trip to a Transform Fault 55
Selected Bibliography 71
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