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Extreme Events and Natural Hazards: The Complexity Perspective

Monograph

Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 196

By: A Surjalal Sharma (Editor), Armin Bunde (Editor), Vijay P Dimri (Editor), Daniel N Baker (Editor)

380 pages, colour & b/w illustrations, colour maps

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2012 | #231230 | ISBN-13: 9780875904863
Availability: Usually dispatched within 5 days Details
NHBS Price: £82.95 $104/€97 approx

About this book

Extreme Events and Natural Hazards: The Complexity Perspective examines recent developments in complexity science that provide a new approach to understanding extreme events. This understanding is critical to the development of strategies for the prediction of natural hazards and mitigation of their adverse consequences. The volume is a comprehensive collection of current developments in the understanding of extreme events. The following critical areas are highlighted: understanding extreme events, natural hazard prediction and development of mitigation strategies, recent developments in complexity science, global change and how it relates to extreme events, and policy sciences and perspective. With its overarching theme, Extreme Events and Natural Hazards: The Complexity Perspective will be of interest and relevance to scientists interested in nonlinear geophysics, natural hazards, atmospheric science, hydrology, oceanography, tectonics, and space weather.


Contents

Preface
      A. Surjalal Sharma, Armin Bunde, Vijay P. Dimri, and Daniel N. Baker vii
Complexity and Extreme Events in Geosciences: An Overview
      A. Surjalal Sharma, Daniel N. Baker, Archana Bhattacharyya, Armin Bunde, Vijay P. Dimri, Harsh K. Gupta, Vijay K. Gupta, Shaun Lovejoy, Ian G. Main, Daniel Schertzer, Hans von Storch, and Nicholas W. Watkins 1

Section I: Solid Earth
Earthquakes: Complexity and Extreme Events
      M. R. Yoder, D. L. Turcotte, and J. B. Rundle 17
Patterns of Seismicity Found in the Generalized Vicinity of a Strong Earthquake: Agreement With Common Scenarios of Instability Development
      M. V. Rodkin 27
Characterizing Large Events and Scaling in Earthquake Models With Inhomogeneous Damage
      Rachele Dominguez, Kristy Tiampo, C. A. Serino, and W. Klein 41
Fractal Dimension and b Value Mapping Before and After the 2004 Megathrust Earthquake in the Andaman-Sumatra Subduction Zone
      Sohini Roy, Uma Ghosh, Sugata Hazra, and J. R. Kayal 55
Stress Pulse Migration by Viscoelastic Process for Long-Distance Delayed Triggering of Shocks in Gujarat, India, After the 2001 Mw 7.7 Bhuj Earthquake
      B. K. Rastogi, Pallabee Choudhury, Rakesh Dumka, K. M. Sreejith, and T. J. Majumdar 63
Extreme Seismic Events in Models of Lithospheric Block-and-Fault Dynamics
      A. T. Ismail-Zadeh, J.-L. Le Mouël, and A. A. Soloviev 75

Section II: Oceans
Investigation of Past and Future Polar Low Frequency in the North Atlantic
      Matthias Zahn and Hans von Storch 99
Variability of North Atlantic Hurricanes: Seasonal Versus Individual-Event Features
      Álvaro Corral and Antonio Turiel 111
Large-Scale Patterns in Hurricane-Driven Shoreline Change
      Eli D. Lazarus, Andrew D. Ashton, and A. Brad Murray 127

Section III: Atmosphere
Precipitation and River Flow: Long-Term Memory and Predictability of Extreme Events
      Armin Bunde, Mikhail I. Bogachev, and Sabine Lennartz 139
Extreme Events and Trends in the Indian Summer Monsoon
      V. Krishnamurthy 153
Empirical Orthogonal Function Spectra of Extreme Temperature Variability Decoded From Tree Rings of the Western Himalayas
      R. K. Tiwari, R. R. Yadav, and K. P. C. Kaladhar Rao 169
On the Estimation of Natural and Anthropogenic Trends in Climate Records
      S. Lennartz and A. Bunde 177
Climate Subsystems: Pacemakers of Decadal Climate Variability
      Anastasios A. Tsonis 191
Dynamical System Exploration of the Hurst Phenomenon in Simple Climate Models
      O. J. Mesa, V. K. Gupta, and P. E. O’Connell 209
Low-Frequency Weather and the Emergence of the Climate
      S. Lovejoy and D. Schertzer 231

Section IV: Geospace
Extreme Space Weather: Forecasting Behavior of a Nonlinear Dynamical System
      D. N. Baker 255
Supermagnetic Storms: Hazard to Society
      G. S. Lakhina, S. Alex, B. T. Tsurutani, and W. D. Gonzalez 267
Development of Intermediate-Scale Structure in the Nighttime Equatorial Ionosphere
      A. Bhattacharyya 279
Complex Analysis of Polar Auroras for 1996
      James Wanliss and Joshua Peterson 293
On Self-Similar and Multifractal Models for the Scaling of Extreme Bursty Fluctuations in Space Plasmas
      N. W. Watkins, B. Hnat, and S. C. Chapman 299

Section V: General
Extreme Value and Record Statistics in Heavy-Tailed Processes With Long-Range Memory
      Aicko Y. Schumann, Nicholas R. Moloney, and Jörn Davidsen 315
Extreme Event Recurrence Time Distributions and Long Memory
      M. S. Santhanam 335
Dealing With Complexity and Extreme Events Using a Bottom-Up, Resource-Based Vulnerability Perspective
      Roger A. Pielke Sr., Rob Wilby, Dev Niyogi, Faisal Hossain, Koji Dairuku, Jimmy Adegoke, George Kallos, Timothy Seastedt, and Katharine Suding 345

AGU Category Index 361
Index 363


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