416 pages, 28 photos
Jack Ward Thomas, an eminent wildlife biologist and U.S. Forest Service career scientist, was drafted in the late 1980s to head teams of scientists developingstrategies for managing the habitat of the northern spotted owl. That assignment led to his selection as Forest Service chief during the early years of the Clinton administration. It is history's good fortune that Thomas kept journals of his thoughts and daily experiences, and that he is a superb writer able to capture the moment with clarity and grace.
The issues Thomas dealt with in office and noted in his journals lie at the heart of recent Forest Service policy and controversy, starting with President Clinton's Timber Summit in Portland, Oregon, dealing with the spotted owl issue, and the 1994 loss of fourteen firefighters in the Storm King Mountain fire in Colorado. Against a constant backdrop of partisan politics in the White House and Congress, Thomas discusses issues ranging from grazing in the national forests, long-term pulp timber sales in Alaska, and the Forest Service Law Enforcement Division to the New World Mine near Yellowstone National Park. He considers the timber salvage rider and its linkage to forest health, the Department of Justice and Counsel on Environmental Quality influence on Forest Service policies, and interagency management for the Columbia River Basin.
Woven throughout these excerpts from his diary is Thomas's conviction that the effective, ethical management of wildlife depends on how the management effort is situated within the broader human context, with all its intransigence and unpredictability. Writing in 1995, Thomas says, "Things simply don't work the way that students are taught in natural resources policy classes – not even close. . . .There is simply no way that scholars of the subject can understand the ad hoc processes that go on within only loosely defined boundaries". Wildlife management, he says, is "90 percent about people and 10 percent about animals", and when it comes to learning about people, wildlife managers are on their own. Jack Ward Thomas: The Journals of a Forest Service Chief is the record of how one man met that challenge.
"You won't know Jack Ward Thomas – 13th chief of the USDA Forest Service – until you have read this remarkable volume. Skillfully edited and introduced by Harold K. Steen, preeminent historian of American forestry, this book offers a blunt set of insights into and a disturbing feel for environmental politics during the Clinton years."
– Journal of Forestry
"This is living history at its best, an intimate glimpse into the life of a man whose dedication to public service gives new meaning to the role of leadership in government and the broader conservation movement. A complete 'course' in natural resource policy, public administration, ethics, and personal courage-a course in philosophy tempered by experience."
– American Forests
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Jack Ward Thomas is Boone and Crockett Professor of Wildlife Conservation at the University of Montana. Harold K. Steen, former president of the Forest History Society, currently teaches conservation history at New Mexico State University.