Language: German with English abstract and summary
Within the Habsburg monarchy, due to the comprehensive re-organisation of the universities in 1849, Rudolf Kner (1810-1869) was the first person to become appointed Professor in Zoology. He was also the first person who brought scientific zoology to the University of Vienna and later became a well-known ichthyologist. The present biographical survey treats the career of the Linzborn R. Kner from his basic education to his employment in the k.k.Natural Cabinet in Vienna (1836-1841), to the professorship in Lemberg/Galicia (Lviv/Ukraine; 1841-1848) and finally (1849) to the Professorship in Zoology in Vienna. This curriculum is displayed in connection with the circumstances of Kner‘s private life and his thoughts as noted in his early diaries as well as in his correspondance. Friends and colleagues in the ”Biedermeier” period (1820-1848) are considered, as are later relations. The family‘s association with Waldegg-Oed (Lower Austria) where, after 1856, the Kners also owned their country-house, is presented.
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