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The Oceans and Rapid Climate Change: Past, Present, and Future


Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 126

By: Dan Seidov (Editor), Bernd J Haupt (Editor), Mark A Maslin (Editor)

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2001 | #231403 | ISBN: 087590985X
Availability: Usually dispatched within 5 days Details
NHBS Price: £42.95 $53/€48 approx

About this book

Until a few decades ago, scientists generally believed that significant large-scale past global and regional climate changes occurred at a gradual pace within a time scale of many centuries or millennia. A secondary assumption followed: climate change was scarcely perceptible during a human lifetime. Recent paleoclimatic studies, however, have proven otherwise: that global climate can change extremely rapidly. In fact, there is good evidence that in the past at least regional mean annual temperatures changed by several degrees Celsius on a time scale of several centuries to several decades.


      Dan Seidov, Bernd J. Haupt, and Mark Maslin vii
Ocean Currents of Change: Introduction
      Eric J. Barron and Dan Seidov 1

Section I: Data and Climate Models: Windows to the Past
Synthesis of the Nature and Causes of Rapid Climate Transitions During the Quaternary
      Mark Maslin, Dan Seidov, and John Lowe 9
The Big Climate Amplifier Ocean Circulation-Sea Ice-Storminess-Dustiness-Albedo
      Wallace S. Broecker 53
Stochastic Resonance in the North Atlantic: Further Insights
      R. B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, P. Jung, and A. Clough 57
Late Holocene (cal ka) Trends and Century-Scale Variability of N. Iceland Marine Records: Measures of Surface Hydrography, Productivity, and Land/Ocean Interactions
      John T. Andrews, Greta B. Kristjansdottir, Aslaug Geirsdottir, Jorunn Hardarddttir, Gudrun Helgadottir, Amy E. Sveinsbjomdottir, Anne E. Jennings, and L. Micaela Smith 69
Changes of Potential Density Gradients in the Northwestern North Atlantic During the Last Climatic Cycle Based on a Multiproxy Approach
      Claude Hillaire-Marcel, Anne de Vernal, Laurence Candon, Guy Bilodeau, and Joseph Stoner 83
Lower Circumpolar Deep Water Flow Through the SW Pacific Gateway for the Last 190 Icy: Evidence From Antarctic Diatoms
      Catherine E. Stickley, Lionel Carter, I. Nick McCave, and Phil P. E. Weaver 101
Modeling abrupt Climatic Change During the Last Glaciation
      Michel Crucifix, Philippe Tulkens, and Andre Berger  117
Simulating Climates of the Last Glacial Maximum and of the Mid-Holocene: Wind Changes, Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions, and Tropical Thermocline
      Andrew B. G. Bush 135

Section II: Ocean and Climate Models: Bridges from Past to Future
Ocean Bi-Polar Seesaw and Climate: Southern Versus Northern Meltwater Impacts
      Dan Seidov, Bernd J. Haupt, Eric J. Barron, and Mark Maslin 147
Glacial-to-lnterglacial Changes of the Ocean Circulation and Eolian Sediment Transport
      Bernd J. Haupt, Dan Seidov, and Eric J. Barron 169
On the Response of the Atlantic Ocean to Climatic Changes in High Latitudes: Sensitivity Studies with a Sigma Coordinate Ocean Model
      Tal Ezer 199
The Effects of Vertical Mixing on the Circulation of the AABW in the Atlantic
      Igor V. Kamenkovich and Paul J. Coodman 217
The Influence of Deep Ocean Diffusivity on the Temporal Variability of the Thermohaline Circulation
      Kotaro Sakai and W. Richard Peltier 227
The Climatic Influence of Drake Passage
      H. Bjornsson and J. R. Toggweiler  243
Stability and Variability of the Thermohaline Circulation in the Past and Future: A Study With a Coupled Model of Intermediate Complexity
      Andrey Ganopolski and Stefan Rahmstorf  261
The Future of the Thermohaline Circulation - A Perspective
      Thomas E Stocker, Reto Knutti, and Gian-Kasper Plattner 277

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