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Dynamics of Fluids and Transport in Fractured Rock

Monograph

Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 162

By: Boris Faybishenko (Editor), Paul A Witherspoon (Editor), John Gale (Editor)

207 pages, illustrations

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2005 | #231781 | ISBN: 0875904270
Availability: Usually dispatched within 5 days Details
NHBS Price: £56.50 $71/€67 approx

About this book

How to characterize fluid flow, heat, and chemical transport in geologic media remains a central challenge for geo-scientists and engineers worldwide. Investigations of fluid flow and transport within rock relate to such fundamental and applied problems as environmental remediation; nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) transport; exploitation of oil, gas, and geothermal resources; disposal of spent nuclear fuel; and geotechnical engineering. It is widely acknowledged that fractures in unsaturated-saturated rock can play a major role in solute transport from the land surface to underlying aquifers. It is also evident that general issues concerning flow and transport predictions in subsurface fractured zones can be resolved in a practical manner by integrating investigations into the physical nature of flow in fractures, developing relevant mathematical models and modeling approaches, and collecting site characterization data. Because of the complexity of flow and transport processes in most fractured rock flow problems, it is not yet possible to develop models directly from first principles. One reason for this is the presence of episodic, preferential water seepage and solute transport, which usually proceed more rapidly than expected from volume-averaged and time-averaged models. However, the physics of these processes is still known.


Contents

Preface
      Boris Faybishenko, Paul A. Witherspoon, and John Gale vii

Section I. Introduction and Overview
Emerging Issues in Fractured-Rock Flow and Transport Investigations: Introduction and Overview
      Boris Faybishenko, Paul A. Witherspoon, Gudmundur 5. Bodvarsson, and John Gale 1

Section II . Models and Modeling of Flow and Transport in Fractured Rock
Do Heterogeneous Sediment Properties and Turbulent Velocity Fluctuations Have Something in Common? Some History and a New Stochastic Process
      Fred J. Molz, Mark M. Meerschaert, Tom J. Kozubowski, and Paul D. Hyden 13
Quantification of Non-Fickian Transport in Fractured Formations
      Brian Berkowitz and Harvey Scher 23
Study of Single and Multiphase Flow in Fractured Porous Media, Using a Percolation Approach
      P. M. Adler, V. V. Mourzenko, J.-F. Thovert, and I. Bogdanov 33
Percolation-Continuum Model of Evaporative Drying: Homogeneous or Patchy Saturation?
      H. F. Wang, T. E. Strand, and J. G. Berryman 43
Navier-Stokes Simulations of Fluid Flow Through a Rock Fracture
      Azzan H. Al-Yaarubi, Chris C. Pain, Carlos A. Grattoni, and Robert W. Zimmerman 55
Theoretical and Numerical Study of Flow at the Interface of Porous Media
      Ravid Rosenzweig and Uri Shavit 65
Numerical Simulations Show Potential for Strong Nonisothermal Effects During Fluid Leakage From a Geologic Disposal Reservoir for C02
      Karsten Pruess 81
Uncertainty in Groundwater Flow Simulations Caused by Multiple Modeling Approaches, at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, Japan
      Atsushi Sawada, Hiromitsu Saegusa, and Yuji Ijiri 91

Section III: Case Studies From Laboratory and Field Investigations

III.1. Multi-Scale Investigations and Underground Facilities
Predicting Fractured Zones in the Culebra Dolomite
      Robert M. Holt, Richard L Beauheim, and Dennis W. Powers 103
Assessment of Retention Processes for Transport in a Fractured System at Aspo (Sweden) Granitic Site: From Short-Time Experiments to Long-Time Predictive Models
      Christophe Grenier, Andre Fourno, Emmanuel Mouche, Frederick Delay and Hakim Benabderrahmane 11 7
Simulation of Hydraulic Disturbances Caused by the Underground Rock Characterization Facility in Olkiluoto, Finland
      Jari Lofman and Ferenc Meszaros 129

III.2. Coupled Processes of Solute Transport and Chemical Processes
Evaporation From Fractures Exposed at Land Surface: Impact of Gas-Phase Convection on Salt Accumulation
      Noam Weisbrod, Modi Pillersdorf, Maria Dragila, Chris Graham, James Cassidy, and Clay A. Cooper 151
Dissolved Chemical Discharge From Fractured Clay Aquitards Contaminated by DNAPLs
      Ronald W. Falta 165

III.3. Geothermal Reservoirs
Dry-Steam Wellhead Discharges From Liquid-Dominated Geothermal Reservoirs: A Result of Coupled Nonequilibrium Multiphase Fluid and Heat Flow Through Fractured Rock
      John W. Pritchett 175

III.4. Microbial Transport
Microbial Processes in Fractured Rock Environments
      Nancy E. Kinner, T. Taylor Eighmy, M. Mills, J. Coulburn, and L. Tisa 183
The Effect of Microbial Activity on Biodegradation of 2,4,6-Tribromophenol and Flow in Naturally Fractured Chalk Cores
      Shai Arnon, Eilon Adar, Zeev Ronen, Alexander Yakirevich, and Ron it Nativ 195


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