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Explosive Subaqueous Volcanism

Monograph

Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 140

By: James DL White (Editor), John L Smellie (Editor), David A Clague (Editor)

389 pages, illustrations

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2003 | #232437 | ISBN: 087590999X
Availability: Usually dispatched within 5 days Details
NHBS Price: £64.50 $82/€76 approx

About this book

Subaqueous explosive eruptions are common, and in earth's early history were ubiquitous. Although they are unlike eruptions we find on land, they operate with the same fundamental processes. Deep-sea eruptions modify important seafloor hydrothermal systems and their coupled habitats for extremophile organisms, and large eruptions on the continental shelf presumably have as yet unknown effects on a wide range of marine organisms. Shallow eruptions that can affect shipping lanes and threaten coastal environments, either directly or by generation of tsunami, also appear to produce deposits and conditions closely linked with formation of significant chunks of the world's mineral resources.


Contents

Preface
      James White ix
Introduction
      James D. L White, John L Smellie, and David A. Clague 1

Section I: Subaqueous Eruption Dynamics
Water/Magma Interaction: Physical Considerations for the Deep Submarine Environment
      Kenneth H. Wohletz 25
Phreatomagmatic Explosions in Subaqueous Volcanism
      Bernd Zimanowski and Ralf Buttner 51
Melting of Ice by Magma-Ice-Water Interactions During Subglacial Eruptions as an Indicator of Heat Transfer in Subaqueous Eruptions
      Magnus T. Gudmundsson 61
Pyroclastic and Hydroclastic Deposits on Loihi Seamount, Hawaii
      David A. Clague, R. Batiza, James W. Head III, and Alice S. Davis 73
Large-Scale Interaction of Lake Water and Rhyolitic Magma During the 1.8 kaTaupo Eruption, New Zealand
      B. F. Houghton, B. J. Hobden, K V. Cashman, C J. N. Wilson, and R. T. Smith 97

Section II: Explosive Eruptions in the Modern Deep Sea
Submarine Strombolian Eruptions on the Gorda Mid-Ocean Ridge
      David A. Clague, Alice S. Davis, and Jacqueline E. Dixon 111
Hyaloclastite from Miocene Seamounts Offshore Central California: Compositions, Eruption Styles, and Depositional Processes
      Alice S. Davis and David A. Clague 129
Recent MORB Volcaniclastic Explosive Deposits Formed Between 500 and 1750 m.b.s.l. on the Axis of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, South of the Azores
      Jean-Philippe Eissen, Yves Fouquet, Delphine Hardy, Helene Ondreas 143

Section III: Explosive Shallow-Marine (Surteyan) Eruptions and Their Kin
A Cluster Of Surtseyan Volcanoes at Lookout Bluff, North Otago, New Zealand: Aspects of Edifice Spacing and Time
      Doris Maicher 167
Eruptive and Depositional Mechanisms of an Eocene Shallow Submarine Volcano, Moeraki Peninsula, New Zealand
      Benjamin Andrews 179
A Subaqueous Eruption Model For Shallow-Water, Small Volume Eruptions: Evidence From Two Precambrian Examples
      Wulf U. Mueller 189
Basaltic Lava Balloons Produced During the 1998-2001 Serreta Submarine Ridge Eruption (Azores)
      Joao L. Gaspar, Gabriela Queiroz, Jose M. Pacheco, Teresa Ferreira, Nicolau Wallenstein, Maria H. Almeida, and Rui Coutinho 205

Section III: Pumiceous Subsea Silicic Eruptions From the Modern Seafloor
Subaqueous Pumice Eruptions and Their Products: A Review
      K. Kano 213
Submarine Silicic Calderas on the Northern Shichito-lwojima Ridge, Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc, Western Pacific
      Makoto Yuasa and Kazuhiko Kano 231

Section IV: Subaqueous Pumiceous Deposits and Their Interpretation
Submarine, Silicic, Syn-Eruptive Pyroclastic Units in the Mount Read Volcanics, Western Tasmania: Influence of Vent Setting and Proximity on Lithofacies Characteristics
      Jocelyn McPhie and Rodney L. Allen 245
Vesiculation and Eruption Processes of Submarine Effusive and Explosive Rocks from the Middle Miocene Ogi Basalt, Sado Island, Japan
      Norie Fujibayashi and Umio Sakai 259
The Submarine Record of a Large-Scale Explosive Eruption in the Vanuatu Arc: ~1 Ma Efate Pumice Formation
      Alison M. Raos and Jocelyn McPhie 273
Products of Explosive Subaqueous Felsic Eruptions Based on Examples From the Hellenic Island Arc, Greece
      S. R. Allen and A.L. Stewart 285
Miocene Submarine Fire Fountain Deposits, Ryugazaki Headland, Oshoro Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan: Implications for Submarine Fountain Dynamics and Fragmentation Processes
      R. A. F. Cas, H. Yamagishi, L. Moore and C. Scutter 299
An Archean Submarine Pyroclastic Flow Due to Submarine Dome Collapse: The Hurd Deposit, Harker Township, Ontario, Canada
      C. R. Scott, D. Richard, and A. D. Fowler 317

Section V: Economic Significance of Explosive Submarine Eruptions
Deep Marine Pumice from the Woodlark and Manus Basins, Papua New Guinea
      Raymond A. Binns 329
Morphology, Distribution, and Estimated Eruption Volumes for Intracaldera Tuffs Associated With Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposits in the Archean Sturgeon Lake Caldera Complex, Northwestern Ontario
      George J. Hudak, Ronald L Morton, James M. Franklin, and Dean. M. Peterson 345
Analysis of VHMS-Hosting Ignimbrites Erupted at Bathyal Water Depths (Ordovican Bald Mountain Sequence, Northern Maine)
      Lowell G. Kessel and Cathy J. Busby 361


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