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Atmospheric Science Across the Stratopause

Monograph

Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 123

By: David E Siskind (Editor), Stephen D Eckermann (Editor), Michael E Summers (Editor)

342 pages, illustrations

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2000 | #232833 | ISBN: 0875909817
Availability: Usually dispatched within 5 days Details
NHBS Price: £57.50 $73/€69 approx

About this book

In recent years, two separate geophysical research cultures have developed in the United States to study the atmosphere: one of space scientists, who focus on the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere, and the other of atmospheric scientists, who focus on the troposphere and stratosphere. The boundary between these two research domains roughly coincides with the stratopause (50 km). While the division ofthe atmosphere into layers and boundaries serves as a useful way to characterize the various chemical and dynamical processes that distinguish these layers, these boundaries are not impermeable. To understand such critical issues as global change, geophysicists must study the atmosphere as an integrated system. The purpose of Atmospheric Science Across the Stratopause is to highlight those studies that consider the coupling of these two regions and thus bring together two scientific specialties (atmospheric science and space science) that are often considered separately.


Contents

Preface
      David E. Siskind, Stephen D. Eckermann, and Michael E. Summers ix
Introduction
      David E. Siskind, Stephen D. Eckermann, and Michael E. Summers 1

Tutorials
Natural and Human-Induced Perturbations in the Middle Atmosphere: A Short Tutorial
      Guy P. Brasseur, Anne K. Smith, Rashid Khosravi, Theresa Huang, Stacy Walters, Simon Chabrillat, and Gaston Kockarts 7
The Role of Waves in the Transport Circulation of the Middle Atmosphere
      James R. Holton and M. Joan Alexander 21
A Contemporary Assessment of the Mesospheric Energy Budget
      Martin G. Mlynczak 37
On the Feasibility of Developing a Global Atmospheric Model Extending From the Ground to the Exosphere
      R. G. Roble 53

Chemistry and Energetics
Sprites, Blue Jets and Elves: Optical Evidence of Energy Transport Across the Stratopause
      Matthew J. Heavner, Davis D. Sentman, Dana R. Moudry, Eugene M. Wescott, Carl L. Siefring, Jeff S. Morrill, and Eric J. Bucsela 69
A Review of CO2 and CO Abundances in the Middle Atmosphere
      Manuel Lopez -Puertas, Miguel A. Lopez-Valverde, Rolando R. Garcia, and Raymond C. Roble 83
On the Coupling Between Middle and Upper Atmospheric Odd Nitrogen
      David E. Siskind  101
Insights into Middle Atmospheric Hydrogen Chemistry from Analysis of MAHRSI OH Observations
      Michael E. Summers and Robert R. Conway 117
A Review of Hydroxyl in the Middle Atmosphere: Comparison of Measured and Modeled Vertical Profiles and Ground-Based Column Observations
      T. Canty, K. Minschwaner, K. W. Jucks, and A. K. Smith 131
Energetic Electrons and Their Effects on Upper Stratospheric and Mesospheric Ozone in May 1992
      W. Dean Pesnell, Richard A. Goldberg, D. L. Chenette, E. E. Gaines, and Charles H. Jackman 137

Dynamics
Turbulence Dynamics and Mixing due to Gravity Waves in the Lower and Middle Atmosphere
      David C. Fritts and Joseph A. Werne 143
The Role of Equatorial Waves in the Semiannual Oscillation of the Middle Atmosphere
      Rolando R. Garcia 161
Modeling Atmospheric Tidal Propagation Across the Stratopause
      M. E. Hagan 177
Observations of Southern Polar Descent and Coupling in the Thermosphere, Mesosphere and Stratosphere Provided by HALOE
      James M. Russell III and R. Bradley Pierce 191
Sudden Stratospheric and Stratopause Warmings: Observations of Temperatures in the Middle Atmosphere above Eureka
      Thomas J. Duck, James A. Whiteway and Allan I. Carswell 207
Year-round Temperature and Wave Measurements of the Arctic Middle Atmosphere for 1995-1998
      Andrew J. Gerrard, Timothy J. Kane, and Jeffrey Thayer 213
Interannual Variability of the Diurnal Tide in the Low-latitude Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere During Equinoxes: Mechanistic Model Interpretation of the 1992-96 HRDI Measurements
      Valery A. Yudin, Marvin A. Geller, Ling Wang, and Stephen D. Eckermann 221

Long Term Changes
Free and Forced Interannual Variability of the Circulation in the Extratropical Northern Hemisphere Middle Atmosphere
      Kevin Hamilton 227
Future Changes in Upper Stratospheric Ozone
      K. W. Jucks and R. J. Salawitch 241
Ground-based Microwave Observations of Middle Atmospheric Water Vapor in the 1990s
      Gerald E. Nedoluha, Richard M. Bevilacqua, R. Michael Gomez, Brian G. Hicks, James M. Russell III, and Brian D. Connor 257
Interannual Changes in Stratospheric Constituents and Global Circulation Derived from Satellite Data
      William J. Randel, Fei Wu, J. M. Russell III, J. M. Zawodny and John Nash 271

New Experiments and New Models
Recent Improvements in Middle Atmospheric Remote Sounding Techniques: The CRISTA-SPAS Experiment
      Klaus U. Grossman 287
THOMAS 2.5 THz Measurements of Middle Atmospheric OH: Comparison With MAHRSI Observations and Model Results
      Christoph R. Englert, BirgerA. Schimpf, Manfred Birk, Franz Schreier, Robert R. Conway, Michael H. Stevens, and Michael E. Summers 305
Numerical Simulations of Mountain Waves in the Middle Atmosphere Over the Southern Andes
      Kwok-Aun Tan and Stephen D. Eckermann 311
Planetary Wave Two Signatures in CRISTA 2 Ozone and Temperature Data
      W. E. Ward, J. Oberheide, M. Riese, P. Preusse, and D. Offerman 319
Nighttime O2 and O3 Profiles Measured by MSX/UVISI Using Stellar Occultation Techniques
      Jeng-Hwa Yee, Robert DeMajistre, Ronald J. Vervack, Jr., Frank Morgan, James F. Carbary, Gerald J. Romick, Daniel Morrison, Steven A. Lloyd, Philip L. DeCola, Larry j. Paxton, Donald E. Anderson, C. Krishna Kumar, and Ching-I Meng  327
Coupled Models of Photochemistry and Dynamics in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere
      Xun Zhu, Jeng-Hwa Yee, and Darrell F. Strobel 337


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