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Sediments from the world's ocean floors and other water body basins hold a wealth of information about organic life as we know it. "Organic Matter: Productivity, Accumulation, and Preservation in Recent and Ancient Sediments" addresses focusing on the production, accumulation, and preservation of organic matter in marine and lacustrine sediments. Contributors to this important monograph cover a range of geologic ages from recent times back to the Permian Era, as well as temperature and organic matter types. This resource book will be of interest and benefit to petroleum explorationists and researchers, as well as oceanographers, marine and environmental scientists, sedimentologists, geochemists and paleontologists.
International contributors address topics representing John Meacham Hunts wide interests, among them, modern-day analogs of depositional environments -research on the initial incorporation of organic matter in surface sediments on its way to becoming ancient sediment organic matter; the specifics of that transition; and the nature of oil and gas. Of interest, of course, to petroleum explorationists and researchers, but also to oceanographers, marine and environmental scientists, sedimentologists, geochemists, and paleontologists.
Contributors AcknowledgmentsPart I: Preliminaries 1. Introduction, by Jean K. Whelan and John W. Farrington2. Reflections on the Career and Times of John M. Hunt, by Wallace G. Dow3. Modeling Petroleum Generation in Sedimentary Basins, by John M. Hunt and R. J-C. HennetPart II: Recent Sediments and Depositional Environments 4. Sources, Cycling, and Distribution of Water Column Particulate and Sedimentary Organic Matter in Northern Newfoundland Fjords and Bays: A Stable Isotope Study, by Nathaniel E. Ostrom and Stephen A. Macko5. Organic Matter Accumulation, Remineralization, and Burial in an Anoxic Coastal Sediment, by C.S. Martens, Robert I. Haddad, and Jeffrey P. Chanton6. Organic Carbon Remineralization and Preservation in Sediments of Skan Bay, Alaska, by Marc. J. Alperin, William S. Reeburgh, and Alan H. Devol7. Preservation of Sargassum Under Anoxic Conditions: Molecular and Isotopic Evidence, by Mahlon c. Kennicutt II, Stephen A. Macko, H. Rodger Harvey, Robert R.Bidigare8. Geochemical Features of Organic Matter in Sediment Cores from Lutzow-Holm Bay, Antarctica, by Genki I. Matsumoto, Eiji Matsumoto, Kiyotaka Sasaki, and Kunihiko Watanuki9. Sedimentation and Preservation of Amino Compounds and Carbohydrates in Marine Sediments, by Jean K. Whelan and Kay-Christian Emeis10. Hydrodynamic Controls of Anoxia in Shallow Lakes, by Paul W. JewellPart III: Transition 11. Organic Carbon Accumulation and Preservation in Marine Sediments: How Important is Anoxia?, by Stephen E. Calvert and T.F. Pedersen12. Early-Stage Incorporation of Sulfur Into Protokerogens and Possible Kerogen Precursors, by R.P. Philp, N. Suzuki, and A. Galvez-Sinibaldi13. Bitumen Classification and Biomarker Correlation Studies Based on Organic Extracts from Neogene Gulf of California Sediments, by Paul A. Comet, J. McEvoy, and Mahlon C. Kennicutt II14. Resolution of Sediment Hydrocarbon Sources: Multiparameter Approaches, by Mahlon C. Kennicutt II and Paul A. Comet15. Biomarkers in Recent and Ancient Sediments: The Importance of the Diagenetic Continuum, by Simon C. Brassell16. Natural Hydrous Pyrolysis: Petroleum Generation in Submarine Hhydrothermal Systems, by Bernd R.T. Simoneit17. Stable Carbon Isotope Changes During the Maturation of Organic Matter, by Margarita E. Conkright and W.M. SackettPart IV: Ancient Sediments 18. Source and Biomarker Composition Characteristics of Chinese Nonmarine Crude Oils, by Jiamo Fu and Guoying Sheng19. Volatile Organic Compounds Associated with Oil Seepage Along the Northern Continental Slope of the Gulf of Mexico, by Thomas J. McDonald, Mahlon C. Kennicutt II, James M. Brooks, and Roger R. Fay20. Maturity and Facies-Controlled Composition of the Organic Matter of Selected Oil Shales, by H. Wehner, H. Hufnagel, M. Teschner, and J. Koester21. Organic Matter Response to Change of Depositional Environment in Kimmeridgian Shales, Dorset, U.K., by A.Y. Huc, E. Lallier-Verges, P. Bertrand, B. Carpentier, and D.J. Hollander22. The Distribution and Generation of Hydrocarbons in Carbonate Source Rocks, by Kazuo Taguchi and Kazushi Mori Index
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Jean K. Whelan is Senior Research Specialist, Department of Chemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She has published more than fifty articles and has been Associate Editor of the journal Organic Chemistry.John W. Farrington is Senior Scientist, Associate Director for Education, and Dean of Graduate Studies at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He is also an Adjunct Professor of Environmental Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Boston, as well as author of more than one hundred articles and chapters.