Origins of Anatomically Modern Humans is based on the Field Museum of Natural History Spring Systematics Symposium held in Chicago on May 11, 1991. The financial support of Ray and Jean Auel and of the Field Museum is gratefully acknowledged. When we teach or write, we present only those elements that support our arguments. We avoid all weak points of our debate and all the uncer tainties of our models. Thus, we offer hypotheses as facts. Multiauthored books like ours, which simultaneously advocate and question diverse views, avoid the pitfalls and lessen the impact of indoctrination. In Origins of Anatomically Modern Humans we analyze the anthropological and biological disagreements and the positions taken on the origins of modern humans, point out difficultieswith the inter pretations, and suggest that the concept of the human origin can be explained only when we first attempt to define Homo sapiens sapiens. One of the major controversies in physical anthropology concerns the geographic origin of anatomically modern humans. It is undisputed, due to the extensive research of the Leakeys and their colleagues, that the family Hominidae originated in Africa, but the geographic origin of Homo sapiens sapiens is less concretely accepted. Two schools of thought exist on this topic.
- Introduction: The Problem of Modern Human Origins; R.G. Klein
- What Are Modern Humans? The Contributions of Southwest Asia to the Study of the Origin of Modern Humans; O. Bar-Yosef
- Hominids, Energy, Environment, and Behavior in the Late Pleistocene; A.J. Jelinek
- Behavioral and Cultural Changes at the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition in Western Europe; C. Farizy
- Ancestral Lifeways in Eurasia; O. Soffer
- New Advances in the Field of Ice Age Art; P.G. Bahn
- African Centers of Origin: Mitochondrial DNA and Human Evolution; R.L. Cann, et al.
- Out of Africa; C.B. Stringer. Multiregional Hypothesis: Multiregional Evolution; M.H. Wolpoff, et al.
- Archaic and Modern Homo sapiens in the Contact Zones; T. Simmons
- Samples, Species, and Speculations in the Study of Modern Human Origins; F.H. Smith
- Synopsis and Prospectus: A Chronstratigraphic and Taxonomic Framework of the Origins of Modern Humans; F.C. Howell
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