Preface. SAMPA Declaration. Seven Sacred Prayer. Workshop Reports. Addresses of Conference Attendees. Holistic Perspectives. Strengthening Protected Areas Through Philosophy, Science and Management: A Global Perspective (H.K. Eidsvik). A Land Manager's Perspective on Science and Parks Management (D.M. Lohnes). Why Protect "Natural" Areas Within our Dynamic Cultural Landscape? (C. Maser). Chapter 1. Management Strategies in Terrestrial and Marine Environments. Towards a Biological Survey of the U.S. National Park System (M. Ruggiero, T. Stohlgren and G. Waggoner). Great Barrier Reef Marine Park - research for Better Management (P. Ottesen and S. Woodley). The Struggle over Ecosystem Management at Yellowstone (B. Goldstein). Dynamic Interactions Between Regional Development and Kutai National Park, East Kalimantan, Indonesia (R. Dahuri). Management Planning in the British Reserve Context (T. Reed and M. Alexander). Management of Natural Resources in Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia (C. Drysdale, R. Farrier and N. Wentzell). Elk Island National Park Alberta, Canada - a Historical Perspective of Protected Area Management (C.B. Blyth and R.J. Hudson). Critical Marine Mammal Habitat in Offshore Waters: the Need for Protection (A. Faucher and L.S. Weilgart). A Right Whale Conservation Plan for the Waters of Atlantic Canada (S.D. Kraus and M.W. Brown). Chapter 2. Land-use Planning and the Selection and Design of Reserves. Land-use Planning of Protected Areas: an Approach Based on the Ecological Value (J.-L. Bourdages, G. Domon, P. Drapeau and A. Bouchard). Canadian Ecosystems: a Systems Approach to their Conservation (A.M. Turner, C.D.A. Rubec and E.B. Wiken). Protecting Ontario's Natural Diversity Through Provincial Parks and Areas of Natural and Scientific Interest (K.G. McCleary, R.J. Davidson and T.J. Beechey). A Park Selection Model: a Tool for Selecting New National Parks (C.A. Mondor). The Planning of a Protected Area in the Chihuahuan Desert (Mexico) (J.A. Carrera and E. Canales). Socio-economic and Biological Analysis for Buffer Zone Establishment (J. Schelhas). Chapter 3. Putting Protected Area Policy into Action and the Role of Partnerships. Guidelines for Managing Research in Protected Areas (J. Thorsell). Bridging the Gap between Biologists and Managers - Resource Management Audits (P.A. Maclaren). Removing Bottlenecks in the Transfer of Park Research Information (N. Shelton). A New Direction for Science in the Canadian Parks Service, Western Region (B.C. Lieff). Information Needs for Resource Management in Australian Marine Protected Areas, 1989-90 (D.M. Welch). Is Scientific Expertise Enough to be Effective in Parks Management? (A.A. Einsiedel and L.P. Brown). The Cooperative Management of Natural Resources in Natal, South Africa (D. Cook). Chapter 4. Management of Fauna and Flora. The Roles of Legal Protection Versus Intervention in Conserving the New Zealand Tuatara, Sphenodon (C.H. Daugherty, D.R. Towns, A. Cree and J.M. Hay).