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Sedimentary Organic Matter: Organic Facies and Palynofacies

By: RV Tyson (Author)

615 pages, b/w illustrations, tables

Chapman & Hall

Hardback | Dec 1994 | #32126 | ISBN: 041236350X
Availability: Usually dispatched within 2-3 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £386.00 $486/€453 approx

About this book

A sound understanding of the global carbon cycle requires an appreciation of the various physico-chemical and biological processes that determine the production, distribution, deposition and diagnosis of organic matter in the natural environment. Sedimentary Organic Matter is a comprehensive interdisciplinary synthesis of this information, coupled with an organic facies approach based on data from both microscopy and bulk organic geochemistry.

"[...] 'Encyclopedic' [...] As the author states in the preface, this work aims to fulfil the need for a synthesis of our current state of knowledge regarding 'the origin, early diagenesis, character, distribution and bulk geochemical composition of sedimentary organic matter' The aim has been acheived admirably [...] a timely addition for all those involved in the fields of palynological, sedimentological and environmental analyses and hydrocarbon exploration, and should successfully appeal to a wider audience of geological and environmental scientists, especially incoming research students. Sedimentary Organic Matter is surely destined to become a standard reference text for many years to come"
Geoscientist

"[...] certainly worth purchasing [...]"
Geological Magazine


Contents

- Introduction - The importance of sedimentary organic matter
- The nature of organic matter in sediments
- Production and downward flux of planktonic organic matter
- Biological degradation and consumption of organic matter
- Abundance of organic matter in sediments: TOC, hydrodynamic equivalence, dilution, and flux effects
- Organic matter preservation: the effects of oxygen deficiency
- Origin and nature of the phytoclast group
- Origin and nature of the amorphous group
- Origin and nature of the Palynomorph group
- Origin and nature of the Zoomorph subgroup, and the origin, nature, and distribution of the Zooclast group
- Distribution of the Phytoclast group
- Distribution of the Amorphous group
- Distribution of the Palynomorph group: sporomorph subgroup
- Distribution of the Palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, marine dinoflagellate cysts (dinocysts), marine prasinophyte phycomata, Chlorococcale algae, Acritarcha, Cyanobacteria and Rhodophyta
- Distribution of the Palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, marine prasinophyte phycomata
- Distribution of the Palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, chloroccale algae
- Distribution of the Palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, cyanobacteria and rhodophyta
- Distribution of the Palynomorph group: zoomorph subgroup
- Palynological kerogen classification
- Bulk geochemical characterization and classification of organic matter: elemental analysis and pyrolysis, carbon nitrogen ratios, linguin-derived phenols, stable carbon isotopes
- Bulk geochemical characterization and classification of organic matter: carbon nitrogen ratios, and lignin-derived phenols
- Bulk geochemical characterization and classification of organic matter: stable carbon isotopes
- Organic facies in a sequence straigraphic context
- Some practical aspects of palynofacies analysis
- Concluding remarks


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