The state of the art, J.L. Harley; characterization of ectomycorrhizae, R. Agerer; techniques for synthesizing ectomycorrhizae, R.L. Peterson and P. Chakravarty; nuclear magnetic resonance studies in ectomycorrhizal fungi, F. Martin; carbon metabolism in mycorrhizas, I. Jakobsen; enzymology of nitrogen assimilation in mycorrhizae, I. Ahmad and J.A. Hellebust; techniques for the study of nitrogen metabolism in mycorrhizae, B. Botton and M. Chalot; ectomycorrhizal DNA - isolation, RFLP's and probe hybridization, P.T. Rygiewicz and J.L. Armstong; procedures of use of radioisotopes in mycorrhizal studies, P.B. Tinker et al; techniques for studying the functional aspects of rhizomorphs, D.H. Jennings; structural and ontogenic study of ectomycorrhizal rhizomorphs, J.W.G. Cairney; fine structure analysis of mycorrhizal fungi and root systems, F. Mayer et al; epiflourescent microscopy for identification of ectomycorrhizas, P. Cudlin; electron energy loss spectrometry and image technique for sub-cellular localization of elements in mycorrhizae, I. Kottke; methods for manipulating specific ectomycorrhizal fungi on tree seedlings, D.H. Marx; methods for studying nursery and field response of trees to specific ectomycrorrhizae, D.H. Marx et al; maintenance of ectomycorhizal fungi, H. Heinonen-Tanksi and T. Holopainen; root window technique for in vivo observation of ectomycorrhiaze, S. Egli and I. Kalin; experiments with ericoid mycorrhiza, J.R. Leake and D.J. Read.