Books  Habitats, Ecosystems & Natural Spaces  Forests - General & Temperate 

Temperate Deciduous Forests

Out of Print

Series: Ecosystems of the World Volume: 7

Edited By: E Rohrig and B Ulrich

636 pages, B/w photos, figs, tabs, maps

Elsevier

Hardback | Dec 1992 | #16764 | ISBN: 0444885994
Out of Print Details

About this book

Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Climatic conditions 3. Floral composition and its evolutionary development 4. Seasonality 5. Vegetation structure and forest succession 6. The animal community: diversity and resources II. ECOSYSTEM PROCESSES 7. Ecochemistry of temperate deciduous forests 8. Biomass and productivity 9. Secondary production and decomposition III. REGIONAL ASPECTS 10. Deciduous forests of North America 11. Fauna of the North American temperate deciduous forest 12. Temperate deciduous forests in Mexico and Central America 13. Temperate deciduous forests of Europe 14. Fauna of the European temperate deciduous forest 15. Deciduous forests of the Near East 16. Temperate deciduous forests in East Asia 17. Deciduous forests of Southern South America.


Contents

Preface. List of Contributors. I. GENERAL ASPECTS. 1. Introduction (E. Rohrig). Definitions. Geographical distribution. References. 2. Climatic conditions (E. Rohrig). General climatic characteristics. Climate diagrams. References. 3. Floral composition and its evolutionary development (E. Rohrig). References. 4. Seasonality (E. Rohrig). Leaf shedding. Phenology. References. 5. Vegetation structure and forest succession (E. Rohrig). Stand structure. Dynamics of forest ecosystems: the concept of succession. Primary successions. Secondary successions. Gap dynamics. References. 6. The animal community: diversity and resources (M. Schaefer). Introduction. Composition of the fauna. The habitat and the fauna: patterns of occurrence, distribution and spatial dynamics. Diurnal rhythms, seasonality and life cycles. Succession. Trophic relationships. Species diversity. Resource partitioning. Organization of the ecosystem and functional relationships. Acknowledgements. References. II. ECOSYSTEM PROCESSES. 7. Ecochemistry of temperate deciduous forest (P.K. Khanna and B. Ulrich). Nutrient-related ecosystem characteristics. Distribution and dynamics of elements in vegetation components. Element balance in the litter layer. Element-associated processes in the soil layer. Element behaviour in temperate deciduous forests. Conclusions. References. 8. Biomass and productivity (E. Rohrig). Definitions, methods of assessment. Biomass. Net primary productivity. References. 9. Secondary production and decomposition (M. Schaefer). Introduction. Utilization of food: biochemistry, energy and nutrients. Processes within subunits of the ecosystem. Energy flow in the whole ecosystem. Nutrient cyles. Animals as heterotrophic regulators in forest ecosystems. References. III. REGIONAL ASPECTS. 10. Deciduous forests of North America (B.V. Barnes). Introduction. Deciduous species and their major adaptations. Southeastern evergreen region. Oak-Hickory-Pine Region. Appalachian Oak Region. Mixed Mesophytic Region. Western Mesophytic Region. Oak-Hickory Region. Beech-Sugar Maple Region. Sugar Maple-Basswood Region. Northern Hardwood-Conifer Region. Boreal Forest. River Floodplain Forests. Western North American Forests. Conclusions. References. 11. Fauna of the North American temperate deciduous forest (J.T. Kitchings and B.T. Walton). Introduction. Community composition. Geographical variation in species diversity and density. Ecological distribution. Successional patterns. Resource partitioning. Seasonality. Acknowledgements. References. 12. Temperate deciduous forests in Mexico and Central America (E. Rohrig). Floristic composition. Ecological conditions and stand structures. References. 13. Temperate deciduous forests of Europe (G. Jahn). Introduction. Environment. Phytogeographical division of Europe. Historical survey. Deciduous tree species in Europe. Forest communities. Regional survey on the deciduous forests of Europe. Regional survey: the Middle European Region. Regional survey: the Alpic Region. Regional survey: the Carpathian Region. Regional survey: the Pannonian and the Western Pontic Region. Regional survey: the Submediterranean and Mediterranean regions. References. 14. Fauna of the European temperate deciduous forest (M. Schaefer). Introduction. Well-studied European deciduous forests. Comparison of deciduous forests on mull and mor sites. References. 15. Deciduous forests of the Near East (E. Rohrig). Introduction. Location. Orography and geology. Climate. Floristic development and composition. Forest types. References. 16. Temperate deciduous forests in East Asia (K.K. Ching). Introduction. Deciduous broadleaved forests in China. Deciduous broadleaved forests in Japan. Deciduous broadleaved forests in Korea. Conclusions. References. 17. Deciduous forests of Southern South America (J. Schmaltz). Introduction. Location. Geology and soils. Climate. Vegetation history. Forest types. References. Systematic list of genera. Author index. Systematic Index. General Index.


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