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Transmission Electron Microscopy of Minerals and Rocks

Handbook / Manual

Series: Cambridge Topics in Mineral Physics and Chemistry Volume: 2

By: A McLaren

350 pages, 167 b/w photos, 189 line diags, 10 tabs

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Jun 1991 | #13248 | ISBN: 0521350980
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £113.00 $144/€135 approx

About this book

Of the many techniques that have been applied to the study of crystal defects, none has contributed more to our understanding of their nature and influence on the physical and chemical properties of crystalline materials than transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM is now used extensively by an increasing number of earth scientists for direct observation of defect microstructures in minerals and rocks. Transmission Electron Microscopy of Minerals and Rocks is an introduction to the principles of the technique and is the only book to date on the subject written specifically for geologists and mineralogists. The first part of the book deals with the essential physics of the transmission electron microscope and presents the basic theoretical background required for the interpretation of images and electron diffraction patterns. These explanations require mathematics, but nothing more advanced than elementary differential and integral calculus is used. A knowledge of elementary crystallography is assumed, and some familiarity with optics and electromagnetic theory is helpful but not essential. The final chapters are concerned with specific applications of TEM in mineralogy and deal with such topics as planar defects, intergrowths, radiation-induced defects, dislocations and deformation-induced microstructures. The examples cover a wide range of rock-forming minerals from crustal rocks to those in the lower mantle, and also take into account the role of defects in important mineralogical and geological processes.

...a welcome addition to the literature...is suitably authoritative and comprehensive...a very fine book, with many unique and worth-while features...will prove to be invaluable to any worker in the field, and should be in every Earth Science library. David Price, Geological Magazine


Contents

Preface; Introduction; 1. Principles of image formation by a lens; 2. The transmission electron microscope; 3. Kinematical theory of electron diffraction; 4. Dynamical theory of electron diffraction; 5. The observation of crystal defects; 6. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy; 7. Chemical analysis in the transmission electron microscope; 8. Mineralogical applications of TEM - I: defects and microstructures in undeformed specimens; 9. Mineralogical applications of TEM - II: dislocations and microstructures associated with deformation; References; Index.

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