Part 1 Community management: rural community management projects, Balochistan; women, children, water-sanitation development; towards self-management, water and sanitation; strategies for effective community involvement; community planning of water supplies; the spread effect of a pilot community project; working with rural folk in the North; community participation - Umgeni water's approach. Part 2 Groundwater: siting of sanitary landfill and faecal treatment; nitrate pollution of groundwater sources at Oyarifa; low-cost GIS for water resources. Part 3 Health and disease: community-based surveillance on GWEP, Ghana; is the target attainable?; participatory methods in hygiene communication; the need for hygiene education. Part 4 Institutional development: pricing water to recover costs; private sector involvement; legal module for environmental protection; thinking things through; improving water supply through privatization; utility development, Cairo, Egypt; privatization in rural water supply. Part 5 Irrigation: treated wastewater reuse in the Gaza strip; trickle irrigation using porous clay pots. Part 6 Sanitation: Makata pumpable VIP latrine block; rural school sanitation pilot project; subsidy - to what extent?; sanitation and solid waste disposal in Malindi; an alternative pit latrine emptying system; low-cost sanitation research in GARNET; treatment of sludges from on-site sanitation. Part 7 Solid waste management: informal sector of waste recycling; small enterprises for solid waste recycling. Part 8 Water quality: pollution in Lagos lagoon systems; water quality in family wells. Part 9 Water sources: earthdams for RWS in Northern region; rain-harvesting initiatives in Ekpoma, Nigeria. Part 10 Water supply: pumps, people and payments; pipeline extensions spread benefits. Part 11 Water treatment: chlorinating household water in the Gambia.