Part 1 Introduction: why milling?; complexity of choosing appropriate milling techniques; need for a manual in small-scale milling; approach; the target reader; the content; definitions. Part 2 The cereal grain: anatomy of cereal grains; nutrients in cereals; purpose of milling; phytic acid; soaking; malting; fermentation; parboiling; type of flour; recommendation of flour quality. Part 3 Elements of technical choice in milling: case study 1 - traditional maize processing in eastern province of Zambia and Malawi; case study 2 - mechanized milling of maize in Eastern Province of Zambia and Malawi; elements of technological choice in milling. Part 4 Processing requirements of cereals cassava, legumes and condiments: wheat; maize; rice; sorghum; millet; barley and oats; cassava; legumes; condiments; salt; bone meal. Part 5 Milling processes: pre-treatments - grain cleaning, foreign material, pesticide residues, peeling and drying roots, legume splitting, moisture and drying, cleaning; husk and bran removal - manual husk and bran removal, mechanized husk and bran removal; grinding - manually operated grinders, mechanized mills. Part 6 Sources of power: human power and draught power; diesel engines - old fashioned diesel engines, the modern diesel engine, the hot-bulb engine technique; electric motor; water mills; wind power; battery-powered mills; steam engines; coupling arrangements - direct drive, flat belt drive, v-belt drive, centrifugal clutch coupling, multiple drives. Part 7 Operator's manual for diesel powered hammermills (case study 3): introduction (case 3.1); the hammermill operation; management. Part 8 Installation and safety of milling: installation and layout of equipment - basic requirements, hand-operated mills, animal-powered mills; motor-powered mills - diesel engine, electric motor, steam engine; water-powered mills; wind-powered mills; safety. Part 9 Summary of milling problems. Part 10 Small-scale milling machinery. Part 11 Management: introduction; how to choose a mill; comments; financial costing - pay-back method, budgeting procedure; follow-up; case study 4 - management; 4.1 daily records form; 4.2 weekly records form; 4.3 cash book; 4.4 milling project description; 4.5 profitability projection; 4.6 cash-flow analysis. Appendices: glossary; further reading and information - references, sources of illustrations; list of useful contacts - Institute and research bodies and interest in small-scale milling; product details and addresses of suppliers and manufacturers - small-scale milling machinery, further list of manufacturers and suppliers.