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Toryminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidae: Torymidae): A Redefinition, Generic Classification, and Annotated World Catalog of Species

World / ChecklistMonograph

Series: Memoirs on Entomology, International Volume: 2

By: EE Grissell (Author)

470 pages, 429 b/w photos and b/w line drawings

American Entomological Institute

Hardback | Dec 1995 | #46322 | ISBN: 1566650577
Availability: Usually dispatched within 2-3 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £104.00 $127/€117 approx

About this book

Within the family Torymidae two subfamilies are recognized: Megastigminae and Toryminae. The latter is redefined to include Monodontomerinae and Thaumatoryminae. Toryminae is revised and seven tribes are recognized of which two are new: Microdontomerini and Torymoidini. The types of nearly 100 generic names were examined and 54 genera are recognized.

Eleven new generic synonymies are proposed: Ameromicrus Nikol'skaya 1954 and Pondorymus Bouček 1978 = Torymoides Walker 1871; Senegalella Risbec 1951 and Thiesia Risbec 1951 = Pseudotorymus Masi 1921; Exopristoides Bouček 1982 = Exopristus Ruschka 1923; Iridophagoides Erdös 1964 and Tarachodiphaga Ferrière 1955 = Podagrionella Girauh 1913/159; Liodontomerus Gahan 1914 [December] = Idiomacromerus Crawford 1914 [September]; Lochitimorpha Szelenyi 1957b = Pseuderimerus Gahan 1919a; Mellitotorymus Steffan 1964 = Adontomerus Nikol'skaya 1955; Pachytomoides Girault 1913/140 = Palmon Dalman 1825 (revised status).

The following generic nomina nuda have been discovered and are placed under their respective valid names (in parentheses): Eridontomeroidella Ramakrishna Ayyar 1919 (Pseudotorymus Masi 1921); Perissocentroides Blanchard 1938 (Zglyptonotus Crawford 1914). The new genus Gummilumpus Grissell is described with Neopalachia bouceki Grissell, from Dominican Republic amber, as the type species. Ten species names are synonymized, and 82 new combinations are proposed. Lectotypes are selected for 25 species. Keys are given to subfamilies of Torymidae, and tribes and genera (except Torymini) of Toryminae. An annotated world catalog is presented for 53 genera and 497 nominal species names (426 valid, 71 synonyms); additionally, the single genus Torymus is treated as a checklist of 483 nominal names (317 valid, 166 synonyms).

A review of biology is given with reference to phylogeny, and a host/parasitoid list is provided for all species (except Torymus). Appendices are given that treat genera removed from Torymidae, a summary of all nomenclatural changes, matrices of characters used for phylogenetic study, a complete summary of the numbers of taxa in Toryminae, and fossil species of the subfamily. Two alphabetical indexes are given, one to hosts and one to nominal names of all taxa. Nearly 700 cited references are listed in the literature section.

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