468 pages, no illustrations
Translated by Thomas Dunlap. English translation of Biologen unter Hitler: Vetreibung, Karrieren, Forschung, an exhaustive analysis of the nature of biological research and the careers of a whole generation of biologists in the Nazi era.
An exhaustive chronicle of biologists and their research under the Nazis...[Readers] will find painstaking detail, a clear understanding of the scientific subject-matter and determination to expose the amoral behaviour of scientists who worked under a criminal regime. -- Richard Bessel Times Literary Supplement Although the 1980s and early 1990s saw an explosion of literature on science in National Socialist Germany, many disciplines, institutions, and other important topics still have not been covered...Ute Deichmann's book thus fills a gap in the literature...This is a comprehensive and detailed study of biologists and biology in social, political, and financial context. -- Kristie Macrakis American Historical Review Biologists Under Hitler examines the impact of Nazism on the lives and research of a generation of German biologists. Drawing on previously unutilized archival material, Ute Deichmann, herself a biologist, not only explores what happened to the biologists forced to emigrate but also investigates the careers, science, and crimes of those who stayed in Germany. Biologists Under Hitler combines exhaustive research with capsule biographies of key scientists to overturn assumptions about science under the Nazi regime...As a thorough and comprehensive account of biological science in Nazi Germany, Biologists Under Hitler is of interest to historians of science, historians of the Nazi era, and biologists, as well as those who wish to learn about the relationship between scientific truth and political realities. Bulletin of the Institute of Holocaust Research Many critics regard this volume as the most thorough and comprehensive account of biological science in Nazi Germany. -- Jack Fischel Indiana Jewish Post & Opinion
Part 1 The expulsion and emigration of scientists, 1933-1939 - a brief summary of legal measures; "non-Aryan" dismissals and emigrations; political dismissals and emigrations; the impact of the expulsion of biologists on research in germany; Viktor Hamburger and Johannes Holtfreter: the expulsion of two eminent experimental embryologists; dismissed biologists able to continue their work in Germany; Karl von Frisch, the Mischling, and the solidarity of his colleagues; the return of emigre biologists to scientific institutes in germany after 1945; Wiedergutmachung in public and civil service; Gerta von Ubisch: the emigration and return of a professor. Part 2 NSDAP membership, careers, and research funding - NSDAP membership; the significance of NSDAP membership for habilitation and appointments; the chair in zoology in Munster, 1935-1937; "German biology": the example of Ernst Lehmann; the Notgemeinschaft (Emergency Association) of German science, the German research association, and the Reich Research Council under national socialism; funding for biological projects by the DFG and the RFR, 1933-1945, and the significance of NSDAP membership; research funding for biologists at universities and Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes; research funding and the quality of research; funding according to individuals and specialities; the political and ideological background to research funding. Part 3 The content and result of research at universities - botany; zoology; Konrad Lorenz, ethology, and national socialist racial doctrine. Part 4 The content and result of research at Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes - the KWI for biology, Berlin-Dahlem; the division for virus research of the KWIs for biology and biochemistry, Berlin-Dahlem; the KWI for cultivated plant research, Tuttenholf; the KWI for breeding research (Erwin Baur Institute), Muncheberg; the genetic department of the KWI for brain research, Berlin-Buch; the KWI for biophysics, Franfurt; the department of hereditary pathology of the KWI for anthropology, human genetics, and eugenics, Berlin-Dahlem: the example of Hans Nachtsheim. Part 5 Scientific research by the SS - the scientific interests of Heinrich Himmler; The SS Research and Teaching Society Das Ahnenerbe; Heinz Brucher at the Ahnenerbe's Institute for plant genetic, Lannach; Eduard May at the Ahnenerbe's entomological Institute, Dachau; SS research at the University of Jena: Gerhard Heberer, human origins, and the Nordic race. Part 6 Research to develop biological weapons - the working group Blitzableiter; biological warfare research under deputy Reich; physician Fuhrer Kurt Blome. (Part contents).
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Ute Deichmann is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Genetics of the University of Cologne. She was a recipient of the 1995 Ladislaus Laszt International Ecumenical and Social Concern Award of the Ben Gurion University of the Negev.