Opening session: opening address by the President of Zimbabwe, The Honourable Robert Gabriel Mugabe; Elmhirst memorial lecture - the limited and esssential role of government in agriculture and rural life, D. Gale Johnson; Presidential address - where is agriculture heading in Central and Eastern Europe? - emerging markets and new role for the government, Csaba Csaki. Part 1 Competitiveness - domestic and international market adjustment: agricultural competitiveness and global trade - looking at the future of agriculture through a crystal ball, Michel Petit and Suzanne Gnaegy; agriculture and economic recovery in African countries, Dunstan S.C. Spencer and Ousmane Badiane; trade, foreign direct investment and competitiveness in the European food industries, Bruce Traill and Joao Gomes da Silva; firm resources, industrial organization and Austrian economics - the bases for a new strategic management approach to competitiveness, Randall E. Westgren; impacts of new multilateral, regional and multilateral trade reforms on agricultural competitiveness, Kym Anderson; new world trade relations - a developing country perspective, Julio Hernandez-Estrada. Part 2 Adjustments and transition in the agri-food sector and development of market economies: transition strategies toward a new world order for five rural worlds, Peter H. Calkins; revisiting structural transformation - ethics, politics and economics of underdevelopment, Uma Lele et al; the transformation from low-income agricultural economics - observations focussing on Africa and China, James D. Shaffer and Simei Wen; comparative advantage in transition economies, E. Kwan Choi et al; successful stories of adjustment - results and lessons from Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, Frederic Martin et al; the macroeconomics of adjustment in sub-Saharan African countries, Ishrat Husain. Part 3 Public policy for agriculture - role of constitutions, institutions and political economy: public policy for agriculture - the role of constitutions, institutions and political economy, Pinhas Zusman; political economic processes and collective decision making, Gordon Rausser et al; political and institutional determinants of agricultural policy, Harry de Gorter and Jo Swinnen; constitutions, institutions and the political economy of farm policies - what empirical content?, John C. Beghin and Marcel Fafchamps; cross-country empirical studies of economic growth - a review of results and methods, John Freebairn; special interests and the GATT outcome, Andrew Schmitz. Part 4 Competitiveness - the challenge for farmers and rural areas: is there a need for governmental interference to improve the competitiveness of rural areas?, Alexander H. Sarris; transaction costs, market failures, competitiveness and the state, Marcel Fafchamps et al. (Part contents).