Exploitation of mammal populations: past, present and future. The exploitation, sustainable use and welfare of mammals. Historical dichotomies in the exploitation of mammals. Exploitation of wild fur-bearer populations. Assessing the impact of mammal uses: the good, the bad and the neutral. Harvesting wild mammal populations: Game ranching. Status and exploitation of the saiga antelope in Kalmykia. Capybara use and conservation in South America. Sustainable use of whales: whaling or whale watching? Hunting and its impact on wildlife: The impact of game meat hunting on target and non-target species in the Serengeti. Resolving a conflict: subsistence hunting and mammal conservation in a Kenyan coastal forest. The impact of sport hunting: a case study. Deer populations subject to hunting-to-hounds. Wildlife trade and conservation: Zimbabwe: a model for the sustainable use of wildlife and the development of innovative wildlife management practices. Sustainable utilization: the lessons of history. Wildlife trade - a conserver or exploiter? Tiger poaching - the road to extinction. The exploitation of Asian elephants. Ecotourism: making mammal populations pay. The impact of ecotourism development on distribution, status and activity of rainforest mammals in Manu, Peru. Mountain gorillas in the Virunga volcanoes and the effects of human disturbance. Use, misuse, and abuse of the orang utan - exploitation as a threat or the only real salvation? Elephant family values. Human disturbance of cetaceans.