Part 1: Introduction. 1. Origins and Applications. 2. Geographical Information Concepts and Spatial Models. 3. GIS Functionality: An Overview. Part 2: Acquisition of Geo-referenced Data. 4. Coordinate Systems, Transformations and Map Projections. 5. Digitising, Editing and Structuring. 6. Primary Data Acquisition from Ground and Remote Surveys. 7. Data Quality and Data Standards. Part 3: Data Storage and Retrieval. 8. Computer Data Storage. 9. Database Management Systems. 10. Spatial Data Access Methods for Points, Lines and Polygons. Part 4: Spatial Data Modelling and Analysis. 11. Surface Modelling and Spatial Interpolation. 12. Optimal Solutions and Spatial Search. 13. Knowledge-Based Systems and Automated Reasoning. Part 5: Graphics, Images and Visualisation. 14. Computer Graphics Technology for Display and Interaction. 15. Three Dimensional Visualisation. 16. Raster and Vector Interconversions. 17. Map Generalisation. 18. Automated Design of Annotated Maps.