Part 1 Africa: The drum speaks - are we listening? experiences in development with traditional Gabra institutions - The Yaa Galbo, B.J. Linquist with David Adolph; traditional settlement, cultural identity and rural development in the Transkei, Patrick A. McAllister; hometown associations - balancing local and extralocal interests in Nigerian communities, Michael L. McNulty and Mark F. Lawrence; indigenous organizations and development - the case of Ara, Nigeria, D. Michael Warren, Remi Adedokun and Akintola Omolaoye; the Ogbomoso Parapo - a case-study of an indigenous development association in Nigeria, G.O. Kolawole; community development associations and self-reliance - the case of Isalu community development union, Iseyin, Nigeria, Bolanle W. Wahab; the importance of indigenous organizations to the sustainability of contemporary Yoruba strip-weaving industries in Iseyin, Nigeria, Norma H. Wolff and Bolanle W. Wahab; traditional leadership and community management in Northern Ghana, Nancy Cosway and Steve A. Anankum; indigenous healer associations and a South African AIDS-prevention project, Edward C. Green and Bongie Zokwe. Part 2 Indian sub-continent: History of an indigenous community management organization in Nepal, Durga Pokhrel and Anthony B.J. Willet; building on the Panchayat - using Jal Samitis in Uttar Pradesh, Yogesh Kumar; informal institutions of financial intermediation - social value of Vishis, chit funds and self-help groups, Tushaar Shah and Michael Johnson; taking count of the depth of the ditches - understanding local organization forms, their problems and strategic responses Nidhi Srinivas. Part 3 Australia and New Zealand: Aboriginal agenda or agency agenda? community-development planning projects in Australia, Jackie Wolfe-Keddie; Yolngu rom - indigenous knowledge in North Australia, Ian Hughes; community development among the New Zealand Maori - the Tainui case, Toon van Meijl. Canada: indigenous organizations for development in the Canadian North - native development corporation, Leo Paul Dana. China: the role of indigenous organizations in the rural development of China - a case-study of a non-farm productive activity, Li Xiaoyun, Li Ou and Zhou Shengkun. Indonesia: using indigenous organizations from West Kalimantan, Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Reed L. Wadley and Enis Widjanarti. Philippines: personal networks and agricultural extension in the Philippines, Ricardo C. Armonia.