Series: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH Bulletins) Volume: 200
The taxonomy of the New World Encicocephalidae is treated in detail at the generic and specific level with the exception of Systelloderes Blanchard, for which only the genus is diagnosed. The tribe Systelloderini is resurrected to contain the genus Systelloderes within the Encicocephalinae. The new genera Chiricocoris, Lysenicocephalus, Neoncylocotis, Urnacephala, and Xenicocephalus are described. Thirty-eight new species are described in 9 genera. Enicocephalus marimutti Kritsky and E. yvonneae Kritsky are treated as junior synonyms of E. cubanus Barber; E. emarginatus Champion is treated as a junior synonym of E. pilosus Champion; Oncylocotis braziliensis Kritsky is treated as a junior synonym of Neoncylocotis stannardi (Kritsky). Several new combinations are created, particularly for species transferred to the genus Neoncylocotis. Keys are provided for all genera except Xenicocephalus, and for all species except those of Systelloderes. General reviews are provided for the following subject areas: biology; somatic structures and diagnostic characters; and genitalia, homologies, and the phylogeny of the New World taxa. Scanning electron microscopy is used intensively for the study of morphological structure, and the results in the form of micrographs are presented in conjunction with numerous line drawings.
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