Series: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH Bulletins) Volume: 190
139 pages, b/w illustrations
The anapid spiders known from Chile and Argentina, New Zealand, New Caledonia, and Australia are revised. The family is newly recorded from temperate South America, where it is represented by six new genera (Crassanapis, Sheranapis, Elanapis, Sofanapis, Pecanapis, and Minanapis) including 15 new species. The New Zealand anapids are assigned to three new genera: Zealanapis, for Chasmocephalon armatum Forster, C. australis Forster (which is removed from the synonymy of C. armatum), Risdonius conicus (Forster), and seven new species; Novanapis, for Pseudanapis spinipes (Forster); and Paranapis, for Pseudanapis insula (Forster) and one new species. The two previously known New Caledonian anapids, Anapogonia insolita (Berland) and A. pilupilu Brignoli, are assigned to the new genus Caledanapis and the female of the latter species is described for the first time; six additional New Caledonian species are assigned to Caledanapis and two other new genera (Montanapis and Mandanapis). Of the genera previously described from Australia, Acrobleps Hickman is transferred to the Mysmenidae and Olgania Hickman is transferred to the Micropholcommatidae. Pseudanapis aloha Forster, previously known from Hawaii and Yap, is newly recorded from Queensland; seven previously described and 30 new endemic Australian species are assigned to Risdonius Hickman, Chasmocephalon O.P.-Cambridge, and eight new genera (Tasmanapis, Victanapis, Queenslanapis, Hickmanapis, Nortanapis, Maxanapis, Octanapis, and Spinanapis). Chasmocephalon minutum Hickman is transferred to Hickmanapis; Anapogonia crassifemoralis (Wunderlich) and A. burra (Forster) are transferred to Maxanapis, and the female of the former species is described for the first time; Risdonius octoculus (Forster) is transferred to Octanapis; Anapogonia darlingtoni (Forster) is transferred to Spinanapis; and Pseudanapis grossa Forster, from New Guinea, is transferred to Conoculus Komatsu. Anapid morphology, monophyly, and relationships are reviewed. Both the labral spur and glandular openings at the anterolateral corners of the carapace may be synapomorphic for the family; most (perhaps all) species have haplogyne female genitalia.
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