Introduction: The needs for a comprehensive conservation theory; Chapter 1: Defining the scientific issues-R.S. Ostfeld, S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shachak and G.E. Likens. Chapter 2: Part 1. Science, Conservation, Policy, and the Public-G. L. Glickman; Part 2. Providing the scientific information that conservation practitioners need-H. Pulliam; Part 3. A policy perspective on biodiversity protection and ecosystem management. Chapter 3: Conservation and human population growth: what are the linkages?-J. E. Cohen. Chapter 4: Developing an analytical context for multispecies conservation planning-B. Noon, K. McKelvey, and D. Murphy. Chapter5: Operationalizing ecology under a new paradigm: An african perspective-K. H. Rogers. II. Foundations for a comprehensive conservation theory Themes-S.T.A. Pickett, R.S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak & G.E. Likens CHapter 6: The paradigm shift in ecology and its implications for conservation-P. Fielder, P.S. White and R. Leidy; Chapter 7:The emerging role of patchiness in conservation biology-J. A. Wiens; Chapter 8:Linking ecological understanding and application: patchiness in a dryland system-M. Shachak and S.T.A. Pickett. III. Biodiversity and its ecological linkages Themes- R.S. Ostfeld, S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shackhak & G.E. Likens. Chapter 9: The evaluation of biodiversity as a target for conservation-M. P. Nott and S. Pimm; Chapter 10: Conserving ecosystem function-J.L.Meyer; Chapter 11:The relationship between patchiness and biodiversity in terrestial systems-L. Hansson; Chapter 12: Re-evaluating the use of models to predict the consequences of habitat loss and fragmentation-P. Kareiva, D. Skelly, and M. Ruckelshaus; Chapter 13: Managing for heterogeneity and complexity on dynamic landscapes-N. Christensen, Jr.; Chapter 14:Toward a resolution of conflicting paradigms-S. Tartowski; Chapter 15:The land ethic of aldo leopold-A. C. Leopold. IV: Towards a new conservation theory. Themes-R.S. Ostfeld, S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shackhak & G.E. Likens Chapter 16:The future of conservation biology: What's a geneticist to do?-K. E. Holsinger and P. Vitt; Chapter 17: Habitat destruction and metapopulation dynamics-I. Hanski; Chapter 18: How viable is population viability analysis?-K. Ralls and B. L. Taylor Chapter 19: Reserve design and the new conservation theory-N.E. Barrett and J. P. Barrett Chapter 20:Ecosystem processes do?-J.J. Ewel; Chapter 21:Measurement scales and ecosystem management-D.R. Gordon, L. Provencher, and J.L. Hardesty; Chapter 22:Biogeographic approaches and the new conservation biology-D. Simberloff; Chapter 23: Conserving interaction biodiversity-J.N. Thompson. V. The applications of conservation ecology Themes-R.S. Ostfeld, S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shachak and G.E. Likens. Chapter 24: State-dependent decision analysis for conservation biology-H.P.