Part I. The Context: The Chronically Fragmented Midwest Forest Communities of the Midwestern United States, J.E. Ebinger; Savanna and Open-Woodland Communities, J.B. Taft; The Tallgrass Prairie Mosaic, K.R. Robertson, R.C. Anderson and M.W. Schwartz; Wetlands in the Midwest with Special Reference to Illinois, S.P. Havera and L.B. Suloway. Part II. Special Problems and Case Studies. Conservation in the Context of Non-Indigenous Species, J.O. Luken; Native Pests: the Impact of Deer in Highly Fragmented Habitats, R.C. Anderson; Mammals the Midwest: Ecological and Conservation Issues for Human-Dominated Landscapes, P.C. Mankin and R.E. Warner; Effectiveness of Small Nature Preserves for Breeding Birds, S.K. Robinson, J.D. Brawn and J.K. Hoover; Impacts of Fragmentation on Midwestern Aquatic Organisms, L.M. Page, M. Pyron, and K.S. Cummings; Midwestern Fire Management: Prescribing a Natural Process in an Unnatural Landscape, M.W. Schwartz and S. Hermann; Community Succession, Diversity and Disturbance in the Central Hardwood Forest, J.S. Fralish; The Biogeography of and Habitat Loss on Hill Prairies, M.W. Schwartz, K.R. Robertson, B.K. Dunphy, J.W. Olson, A.M. Trame; Fragmentation and the Role of Seed Banks in Promoting Persistence in Isolated Populations of Collinsia verna, S. Kalisz, L. Horth, and M. A. McPeek; Effects of Livestock Grazing on Forest Habitats, A. Dennis. Part III. Conservation Strategies in Action. Terrestial Nature Reserve Design at the Urban/Rural Interface, C.L. Shafer; The Value of Small Preserves, Natural Areas and the Conservation of Endangered and Threatened Species in Illinois, J.R. Herkert; An Aid to Conservation Strategy in Illinois: the Critical Trends Assessment Project, T. Heavisides and B. Lieberman; The History of Natural Areas Programs in Wisconsin, F. Stearns and P. Matthiae.