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Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests

Handbook / Manual

Series: Compendium of Plant Disease Series

By: Turner B Sutton (Editor), Herb S Aldwinckle (Editor), Arthur M Agnello (Editor), James F Walgenbach (Editor)

218 pages, 346 colour & b/w photos and colour illustrations, 15 tables

American Phytopathological Society

Paperback | Jan 2013 | Edition: 2 | #209092 | ISBN-13: 9780890544303
Availability: Usually dispatched within 2-4 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £111.00 $141/€132 approx

About this book

Of the many changes in this second edition, the most notable may be the addition of a new section that includes coverage of insects and mites, also known as arthropods. This section alone features 90 species and 160 color images which make Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests a cross-disciplinary reference and scouting guide that will be utilized by extension professionals and the growers they serve for years to come.

All the original disease chapters of the first edition published in 1990 have been revised, many extensively, and 11 new chapters have been added. All chapters include the latest information on the distribution, biology, identification, and management of the many diseases and arthropod pests that occur worldwide.

This colorful guidebook is essential for ensuring early detection of disease and insect symptoms in order to implement control measures to maximum yields and product quality. It is an invaluable resource for anyone involved in healthy apple and pear production, including plant pathologists, entomologists, pomologists, extension agents, master gardeners, horticulturists, IPM practitioners, pesticide applicators, agrochemical professionals, private consultants, and growers.

Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests is easy to use. It allows users to match the symptoms and pests on their plants with Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases and Pests's color photographs. Users can then refer to the corresponding text which describes the related symptoms, causes, cycles, and control practices for the particular disease, insect, or mite. The authors also describe nutritional and postharvest disorders of apples and pears and provide recommendations to minimize or improve these issues.

Collectively the authors of this comprehensive work represent 12 countries and the editors have over 120 years' experience in studying the biology and management of diseases and arthropod pests of apples and pears.


Contents

Introduction

Origin of Domestic Apples and Pears
Growth and Fruiting Habits of Apples and Pears
Cultivars
Rootstocks
Growing Systems
Harvest and Handling


Part I. Infectious Diseases

Diseases Caused by Fungi Foliar and Fruit Diseases

Apple Scab
Powdery Mildew

Rust Diseases

Cedar Apple Rust
Quince Rust
American Hawthorn Rust
Japanese Apple Rust
Japanese Pear Rust
European Pear Rust
Kern’s Pear Rust
Pacific Coast Pear Rust
Rocky Mountain Pear Rust
Bitter Rot
White Rot
Black Rot
Sooty Blotch and Flyspeck
Pear Scab
Asian Pear Scab
Fabraea Leaf Spot
Elsinoe Leaf and Fruit Spot
Brown Spot of Pear
Alternaria Blotch
Japanese Pear Black Spot
Brooks Fruit Spot
Phoma Leaf and Fruit Spot
Blotch
Black Pox of Apple and Blister Canker of Pear
Apple Ring Rot
X-Spot
Dry Eye Rot
Calyx-End Rot
Moldy Core and Core Rots
Phytophthora Fruit Rot
Monilia Leaf Blight
Brown Rot Diseases
Mycosphaerella Leaf Spot
Marssonina Blotch
Zonate Leaf Spot
Thread Blight

Canker and Wood Rot Diseases

Nectria Twig Blight
Nectria Canker
Anthracnose Canker and Perennial Canker
Diaporthe Canker
Phomopsis Canker, Rough Bark, and Fruit Decay
Valsa Canker
Leucostoma Canker
Diplodia Canker
Apple Nailhead Canker
Monochaetia Twig Canker
Silver Leaf
Wood Decays

Root Rot and Replant Diseases

Phytophthora Collar, Crown, and Root Rots
Rosellinia (Dematophora) Root Rot
Apple Replant Disease
Black Root Rot
Armillaria Root Rot
Phymatotrichopsis Root Rot
Southern Blight
White Root Rot
Violet Root Rot
Peniophora Root Canker

Postharvest Diseases

Blue Mold
Gray Mold
Bull’s-Eye Rot
Alternaria Rot
Mucor Rot
Side Rot
Sphaeropsis Rot
Phacidiopycnis Rot
Cladosporium Rot
Coprinus Rot
Speck Rot
Fungi Causing Miscellaneous Postharvest Diseases

Diseases Caused by Bacteria

Fire Blight
Asian Pear Blight
Blister Spot
Bacterial Blossom Blast
Bacterial Blister Bark
Crown Gall
Hairy Root

Diseases Caused by Viruses

Chlorotic Leaf Spot (Apple Topworking Disease)
Apple Stem Grooving
Stem Pitting
Apple Mosaic
Flat Apple
Apple Union Necrosis
Pear Vein Yellows
Pear Ring Pattern Mosaic

Diseases Caused by Phytoplasmas

Apple Proliferation
Pear Decline

Diseases Caused by Viroids

Apple Scar Skin and Dapple Apple
Apple Fruit Crinkle (Apple Blister Bark on ‘Starking Delicious’)
Apple Dimple Fruit

Viruslike or Graft-Transmissible Diseases with No Known Causal Agents

Apple Decline
Chat Fruit
Transmissible Apple Fruit Disorders
Transmissible Apple Bark Disorders
Rubbery Wood
Dead Spur
Pear Stony Pit
Pear Bark Disorders
Pear Concentric Ring Pattern

Diseases Caused by Nematodes Plant-Parasitic Nematodes

Root Lesion Nematodes
Dagger Nematodes
Root-Knot Nematodes
Other Nematodes


Part II. Noninfectious Disorders

Nutritional Disorders
Disorders Caused by Environmental Factors
Genetic and Physiological Disorders

Burrknot
Internal Bark Necrosis
Necrotic Leaf Blotch
Honeycrisp Leaf Chlorosis

Postharvest Disorders

Bitter Pit of Apple
Black End of Pear
Core Breakdown of Pear
Bitter Pit of Pear
Jonathan Spot of Apple
Pink End of ‘Bartlett’ Pear
Pithy Brown Core of Pear
Superficial Scald
Water Core of Apple


Part III. Arthropod Pests

Internal Fruit Damage
Internal-Feeding Tortricids

Codling Moth
Oriental Fruit Moth
Lesser Appleworm
Peach Fruit Moth

Fruit Flies and Midges

Apple Maggot
Mediterranean Fruit Fly
South American Fruit Fly
Queensland Fruit Fly
Pear Midge

Sawflies and Chalcids

European Apple Sawfly
Dock Sawfly
Apple Seed Chalcid

Fruit Surface Damage
Leafrollers and Fruitworms

Brazilian Apple Leafroller
Chilean Fruit Leafroller
Light Brown Apple Moth
Obliquebanded Leafroller
Tufted Apple Bud Moth
Pandemis Leafrollers
Redbanded Leafroller
Variegated Leafroller
Green Fruitworms
Lacanobia Fruitworm
Other Tortricids

Weevils

Plum Curculio
Apple Curculio

Mirids

Tarnished Plant Bug
Pear Plant Bug
Mullein Plant Bug
Apple Brown Bug
Apple Red Bug and False Apple Red Bug
Apple Dimpling Bug
Stink Bugs
Mealybugs
Thrips

Leaf and Bud Damage
Aphids and Psyllids

Green Apple Aphids
Rosy Apple Aphid
Woolly Apple Aphid
Pear Psylla

Leafhoppers

Potato Leafhopper
White Apple Leafhopper
Rose Leafhopper

Leafminers

Spotted Tentiform Leafminer and Apple Blotch Leafminer
Apple Leafminer
Western Tentiform Leafminer

Weevils and Other Beetles

Chilean Grape Snout Beetle
Apple Blossom Weevil
Banded Fruit Weevil
Japanese Beetle

Midges

Apple and Pear Leaf-Curling Midges

Bark, Stem, and Root Damage
Scales

San Jose Scale
Other Scales

Wood-Boring Lepidoptera

Dogwood Borer
Apple Bark Borer
American Plum Borer
Apple Clearwing Moth
Cicadas

Apple-Boring Beetles

Roundheaded Appletree Borer
Flatheaded Appletree Borer
Broad-Necked Root Borer and Tilehorned Prionus

Mite Pests

European Red Mite
Apple Rust Mite
Pear Rust Mite
Pearleaf Blister Mite

Spider Mites

Twospotted Spider Mite
Brown Mite
McDaniel Spider Mite


Glossary
Index

 


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