1. Introduction and Overview; D.D. Parker, Y. Tsur. Part I: Regional Water Constraints: Middle East, California, Florida, and Australia. 2. The Israel Water Economy: An Overview; D. Yaron. 3. The Jordan River Basin: Beyond National Concerns; J. Kindler. 4. Water Resources in Turkey: Availability, Use, and Management; E.H. Cakmak. 5. California's Water Resources and Institutions; D.D. Parker. 6. Decentralized Water Allocation in Florida; W.G. Boggess. 7. Australia's Water Situation: Resource Allocation and Management in a Maturing System; J.J. Pigram. Part II: Economic Modelling of Decentralized Water Management Policies. A: Political Economy of Water Allocation. 8. The Political Economy of Domestic Water Allocation: The Cases of Israel and Jordan; R.E. Just, et al. 9. Transboundary Water Agreements and Development Assistance; G.B. Frisvold, M.F. Caswell. 10. Informational Imperfections in Water Resource Systems and the Political Economy of Water Supply and Pricing in Israel; P. Zusman. 11. The Strategic Interdependence of a Shared Water Aquifer: A General Equilibrium Analysis; T. Roe, Xinshen Diao. B: Water Institutions: Transition to Markets and Other Decentralized Allocation Mechanisms. 12. Designing Institutions for Water Management; J. Roumasset. 13. Employing Market Mechanisms to Encourage Efficient Use of Water in the Middle East; N. Becker, et al. 14. Efficient Management of Water in Agriculture; D. Zilberman, et al. 15. Deriving Short-Run, Multi-stage Demand Curves and Simulating Market Prices for Reservoir Water Under Weather Uncertainty; N. Dudley, B. Scott. 16. Water Institutions, Incentives, and Markets; K.W. Easter, G. Feder. C: Incorporating Uncertainty in Resource Management Models. 17. On Event Uncertainty and Renewable Resource Management; Y. Tsur, A. Zemel. 18. Quantifying Tradeoffs Between In-Stream and Off-Stream Uses Under Weather Uncertainty; N. Dudley, B. Scott. 19. An Ante Approach to Modeling Investment in New Technology; A.P. Thurow, et al. 20. The Economics of Conjunctive Ground and Surface Water Irrigation Systems: Basic Principles and Empirical Evidence from Southern California; Y. Tsur. Part III: Case Studies. 21. Peace and Prospects for International Water Projects in the Jordan-Yarmouk River Basin; R.E. Just, et al. 22. Modelling the Impacts of Reducing Agricultural Water Supplies: Lessons from California's Bay/Delta Problem; D. Sunding, et al. 23. Water and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century: The Middle East and California; P.H. Gleick. 24. Decentralized Mechanisms and Institutions for Managing Water Resources: Reflections on Experiences from Australia; W. Musgrave.