The economic performance of African countries south of the Sahara generally has been poor during the past two decades. External factors such as high oil prices, deteriorating terms of trade and wars, and formidable internal factors such as corruption, chauvinism, authoritarianism and violence have continued to plague the region. Whereas in the 1980s the Sub-Sahara was overwhelmed by drought, devaluation and debt, the 1990s have brought the paradox of civil strife and a complex transition to democracy. This volume surveys the major political, economic, social, ecological and gender related aspects of Sub-Saharan Africa's struggle toward democracy. Its essays pose two fundamental sets of ideas: that the internal equilibrium can be restored only through institutional changes with these countries; and that the political and economic dilemmas in the region are closely related to issues of gender and the environment. The volume should be of interest to scholars and students of comparative politics, developmental economics and African studies.
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