Preface; List of contributors; Introduction: the scramble for Eden: past, present and future in African conservation David Anderson and Richard Grove; Part I. Conservation Ideologies in Africa: Introduction William Beinart; 1. Early themes in African conservation: the Cape in the nineteenth century Richard Grove; 2. Chivalry, social Darwinism and ritualised killing: the hunting ethos in Central Africa up to 1914 John M. MacKenzie; 3. Colonialism, capitalism and ecological crisis in Malawi: a reassessment John McCracken; 4. Conservation with a human face: conflict and reconciliation in African land use planning Richard Bell; Part II. Wildlife, Parks and Pastoralists: Introduction Paul Howell; 5. Pastoralism, conservation and the overgrazing controversy Katherine Homewood and W. A. Rodgers; 6. Pastoralists and wildlife: image and reality in Kenya Maasailand David Collett; 7. Integrating parks and pastoralists: some lessons from Amboseli W. K. Lindsay; 8. The Mursi and National Park development in the Lower Omo Valley David Turton; Part III. Conservation priorities and rural communities: Introduction John McCracken; 9. Local institutions, tenure and resource management in East Africa Peter D. Little and David W. Brokensha; 10. Conflicting uses for forest resources in the Lower Tana River basin of Kenya Francine Hughes; 11. Environmental degradation, soil conservation and agricultural policies in Sierra Leone, 1895-1984 Andrew Millington; 12. Managing the forest: the conservation history of Lembus, Kenya, 1904-63 David Anderson; Part IV. Consequences for Conservation and Development: Introduction John Lonsdale; 13. The political reality of conservation in Nigeria Olusegun Areola; 14. Settlement, pastoralism and the commons: the ideology and practice of irrigation development in Northern Kenya Richard Hogg; 15. Approaches to water resource development, Sokoto Valley, Nigeria: the problem of sustainability W. M. Adams; 16. State policy and famine in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia: the lessons for conservation Maknun Gamaledinn; Index.