Industry and the environment: the problem; industrial development; environmental degradation; plan for the book. Industry and natural resources: the problem; industrial water consumption; industrial energy consumption; industrial minerals consumption; conclusions. Industrial pollution: the problem; industrial air pollution; industrial water pollution; industrial solid wastes; hazardous industrial wastes; toxic chemicals; the example of Katowice; conclusions. Processes and pollution in selected industries: the problem; electronic manufacturing; iron and steel; textiles; motor vehicle manufacturing; petroleum refining; leather tanning; pulp and paper mills; electric lamp manufacturing; conclusions. Economic implications of industrial pollution abatement: the problem; pollution abatement analysis; investments in pollution abatement in selected countries; economic impacts of long term structural changes; economic impacts at the macroeconomic level; economic impacts as the process level; waste-paper production; printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing; corrosion protection of components; textile printing; potato-starch manufacturing; preparation of moulding sands in the foundry industry; production of semi-synthetic antibiotics from penicillin; summary of other case-studies.