Preface; 1. The challenges to conservation in a changing world: putting processes on the map Andrew Balmford, Georgina M. Mace and Joshua R. Ginsberg; 2. Anthropogenic, ecological and genetic factors in extinction Russell Lande; 3. Integrating endangered species protection and ecosystem management: the Cape Sable Seaside-Sparrow as a case study Audrey L. Mayer and Stuart L. Pimm; 4. The dynamic response of plants to environmental change and the resulting risks of extinction Brian Huntley; 5. Ecological and evolutionary importance of disturbance and catastrophes in plant conservation W. J. Bond; 6. Butterfly distributional patterns, processes and conservation Chris D. Thomas, Diego Jordano, Owen T. Lewis, Jane K. Hill, Odette L. Sutcliffe and Jeremy A. Thomas; 7. Continent-wide diversification processes and conservation priorities Jon Fjeldsa and Carsten Rahbek; 8. Endemism and species turnover with elevation in montane avifaunas in the neotropics: implications for conservation priority setting Douglas F. Stotz; 9. Indicator taxa for biodiversity assessment in the vanishing tropics Sacha Spector and Adrian B. Forsyth; 10. Key sites for conservation: area-selection methods for biodiversity Paul H. Williams; 11. Integrating population abundance, dynamics and distribution into broad-scale priority setting A. O. Nicholls; 12. Global conservation priorities and expanded conservation policies Norman Myers; 13. Global conservation and U.K. government policy Robert M. May and Kerry Tregonning; Index.