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Oil and Hydrocarbon Spills, Modelling, Analysis and Control: Conference Proceedings

ProceedingsOut of Print

Series: CMP Water Studies Series

Edited By: CA Brebbia and R Garcia-Martinez

WIT Press

Paperback | Dec 1998 | #85595 | ISBN: 1853125261
Out of Print Details

About this book

Containing edited versions of the papers presented at the Oil and Hydrocarbon Spills, Modelling, Analysis and Control Conference, this volume features coverage of the following topics: Modelling of Trajectory and Fate of Spills; Contingency Planning and In-Situ Countermeasures; Experimental and Laboratory Analysis; Shoreline Protection and Cleanup; Toxicity Testing; Risk Assessment; Field Experiments; Remote Sensing; Cleanup Measures; Case Studies.


Contents

SECTION 1: MODELLING OF TRAJECTORY AND FATE OF SPILLS Quantifying environmental implications of alternative oil spill contingency and response plans; Oil spill movement in coastal seas:modelling and numerical simulations; A prototype statistical approach of oil pollution in the Mediterranean Sea; Forecasting accidental marine pollution drift: the French operational plan; Spatial data quality and coastal spill modelling; Weathering of oil spills accounting for oil components; Evolution of oil trajectory, fate and impact assessment models; Mathematical modelling of groundwater quality and development methodology for prediction of pollution; Some recommendations for testing oil spill computer models. SECTION 2: CONTINGENCY PLANNING AND IN-SITU COUNTERMEASURES The U.S. Minerals Management Service - oil spill response research program; Smoke plume screening tool for in-situ burning. SECTION 3: EXPERIMENTAL AND LABORATORY ANALYSIS Investigations on organics in the Libyan beach sand and water: extraction, spectroscopy and gas chromatography, Zwarah to East Tripoli coastline; Chemical and toxicological characterisation of water accommodated fractions relevant for oil spill situations; Laboratory tests of oil spreading under the ice cover; Measurements of oil spill spreading in a wave tank using digital image processing. SECTION 4: SHORELINE PROTECTION AND CLEANUP Hydrodynamic characteristics of water-jet pump for removing oils; Natural degradation of hydrocarbons in sandy soils and its potential application to disposal of oil-contaminated materials; Removal by pumping of a LNAPL lens floating on the phreatic surface; Assessment of the risk of shore contamination by offshore oil spills: model formulation. SECTION 5: TOXICITY TESTING Trace metal analysis using ion chromatography in water partitioned from crude-oil spills; Contamination of aromatic hydrocarbons in environmental samples after the Nakhodka oil spill. SECTION 6: RISK ASSESSMENT Perception or reality: oil spill risks on salmon; Risk assessment and cost-benefit techniques as management tools for oil spill prevention. SECTION 7: FIELD EXPERIMENTS Diffusion experiment in the Split harbour (middle Adriatic Sea); Field experiments with subsurface releases of oil and dyed water. SECTION 8: REMOTE SENSING Multispectral fluorometric sensor for real time in-situ detection of marine petroleum spills; The application of remote sensing techniques to create a Black Sea coastal response strategy for oil spill response. SECTION 9: CLEANUP MEASURES Solvent enhanced bioremediation of weathered oil contamination; Removing mineral oil residues from beaches with vegetable oils; Control and recovery of spilled oil by using ice boom. SECTION 10: CASE STUDIES - An oil spill model for Cook Inlet and Shelikof Strait, Alaska; The oil spill modelling in the Sea of Japan: Application to the tanker 'Nakhodka' 1997 incident

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