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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: Volume 1: Immediate Priorities and a Long-Range Research Portfolio

By: NRC Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter

National Academies Press (NAP)

Paperback | Apr 1998 | #86280 | ISBN: 030906094X
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NHBS Price: £25.99 $32/€29 approx

About this book

New National Ambient Air Quality Standards for airborne particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers, called PM2.5, were issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) amidst scientific uncertainty and controversy. In response to a request from Congress, "Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter", the first of four books in a series, offers a conceptual framework for an integrated national program of particulate-matter research, identifies the 10 most critical research needs linked to key policy-related scientific uncertainties, and describes the recommended timing and estimated costs of such research. The committee concludes that EPA should devote more resources to investigating the relationships between fixed-site outdoor monitoring data and actual human breathing-zone exposures to ambient particulate matter, and to identifying the most biologically important constituents and characteristics of particulate matter through toxicological studies. The recommended research activities are critical to determining actual exposures of human subpopulations most susceptible to harm from the most hazardous constituents of particulate matter. Future research will be an investment in public health and a means to ensure that resources spent on control technology and regulatory compliance will have a reasonable probability of success.


Executive summary; previous reviews of particulate matter research needs; the committee's framework and criteria for evaluation; the committee's 10 highest-priority research - research topic 1 - outdoor measures vs. actual human exposures; research topic 2 - exposures of susceptible subpopulations to toxic particulate-matter components; research topic 3 - source-receptor measurement tools; research topic 4 -application of methods and models; research topic 5 - assess hazardous particulate-matter components; research topic 6 - dosimetry - deposition and fate of particles in the respiratory tract; research topic 7 -combined effects of particulate matter and gaseous copollutants; research topic 8 - susceptible subpopulations; research topic 9 -mechanisms of inquiry; research topic 10 - analysis and measurement; the committee's research investment portfolio; comparing the committee's recommendations with EPA's research plans; additional considerations for implementing the committee's research strategy.

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Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter, National Research Council

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