The 1992 Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit concluded with a declaration enshrining 27 principles to "emphasise the fundamental need to integrate environmental factors into all development decisions if catastrophe is to be avoided". Four main areas in particular were indentified as requiring urgent engineering solutions: the efficient use of all energy sources, the recovery and recycling of materials, the repair of existing damage, and the development of cleaner technological products. This is now resulting in the growth and implementation of new methods and procedures and a change of emphasis from pollution control to pollution prevention. The principles also led to the convening of the First International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Management in 1998. This provided an ideal forum for engineers, scientists, technologists and environmental managers, both in industry, government and academia to familiarise themselves with current issues, contribute positively to debate on these, and to propose sound engineering solutions for the future. Including coverage of a wide variety of topics including Strategic Issues, Environmental Management Tools, Environmental Technologies and Cleaner Production, Environmental Modelling, Pollution Prevention, and Information Systems and Training, this book features papers presented at the Conference.
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