Part 1 Theoretical and conceptual consideration: where incentives fit in soil conservation programmes, David Sanders, Dennis Cahill; incentives as policy instruments - key concepts and definitions, Thomas Enters; economic analysis of incentives for soil conservation, Stefano Pagiola; justification for using soil conservation incentives, Paul C. Huszar; soil conservation as incentive enough - experience from southern Brazil and Argentina on identifying sustainable practices, Michael Sticking, Anna Tengberg; tree management and household strategies in a changing rural economy - beyond the use of direct incentive, Yam Malla; evaluating incentive systems for soil and water conservation on the basis of case studies in four countries, Jan de Graaff. Part 2 National and regional programmes: land use change in upland Java - incentives and opportunities, Jan Willem Nibbering; incentives for soil conservation in Iceland, Anders Arnalds; inadequacies of voluntary soil and water conservation incentives threaten adoption of regulatory approaches, Ted Napier; soil conservation incentives in the 1985-1996 US Farm-Bills, Dana Hoag; soil conservation incentives in New South Wales, Australia, Ian Hannam; funding to community landcare groups in western Australia - a powerful " new generation of soil conservation incentives, T. Nabben; towards better soil conservation through incentives in resource-poor regions - a case study of the Chinese Loess Plateau - A.P. Liu, Y.Q. Li; the role of incentive in soil and water conservation in Kenya, M.J. Kamar et al. Part 3 Case studies and projects: Use of direct incentives and profitability of soil and water conservation in eastern and southern Africa, Markus Giger et al; incentives for sustainable land management in peasant agriculture in the Ethiopian highlands, Stein Holden, Bekele Shiferaw; effects of watershed project subsidies on soil and water conservation investments in India's semi-arid tropics, John Kerr et al; use and success of incentive for promoting sloping agricultural land technology (SALT) in the Philippines - J. Jeff Palmer et al; food-for-work and rainwater harvesting - experience from Turkana District, Kenya in the 1980s, Will Critchley; incentives for agroforestry development - experience in Central America and the Caribbean, Sara J. Scherr, Dean Current.