Introduction. Land use and landscape changes - the challenge of comparative analysis of rural areas in Europe. Description and analysis of the natural resource base. Land use, nature conservation and regional policy in Alentejo, Portugal. Rural landuse and landscape dynamics - analysis of "driving forces" in space and time. Driving factors of land-use diversity and landscape patterns at multiple scales - a case study in Normandy, France. Agricultural land-use and landscape change under thepost-productivist transition - examples from the United Kingdom. Changes of rural land use within an agglomeration - Leipzig-Halle as an example. Landscape changes in Estonia - causes, processes and consequences. Land-use change in the agricultural regionof Weikopolska, Poland. Land-use/land-cover changes under agricultural impacts and the prospects of ecological agricultural development in the European part of Russia. Ecological-economic problems of land use in the Ukraine. Qualitative changes in naturallandscapes and land use following radioactive pollution from the Chernobyl accident. Conclusions. Index.