200 pages, 49 figs
Designed mainly for students of meteorology and other atmospheric sciences who have basic knowledge of hydrodynamics, this book introduces turbulence theory and modelling related to the structure of the atmospheric boundary layer. It includes methods of predicting the impact of industrial activities. The problems and examples were selected with the intention of broadening the student's understanding of the atmosphere, as well as his or her understanding of basic mathematics and the scientific method. In the final appendices, the author discusses two models that students can run on a PC and the accompanying disk contains the supplementary computer programs.
The nature of turbulence; the Navier-Stokes equations; the neutral surface boundary layer; the energy equations of turbulence; diabatic surface boundary layers; homogeneous stationary boundary layers; unconstrained boundary layers; statistical representation of turbulence; turbulent diffusion from discrete sources. Appendices: derivation of the turbulent energy equations; dimensional analysis and scaling principles; matching theory and the PBL resistance laws; description of the planetary boundary later simulation model; a Monte Carlo smoke plume simulation.
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