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Hygiene Evaluation Procedures: Approaches and Methods for Assessing: Water and Sanitation-related Hygiene Practices

Handbook / ManualOut of Print

By: Astier M Almedom, Ursula Blumenthal and Lenore Manderson

122 pages, Figs

International Nutrition Foundation for Developing Countries

Paperback | Oct 1997 | #102582 | ISBN: 0963552287
Out of Print Details

About this book

This handbook provides practical guidelines for evaluating water-and sanitation-related hygiene practices. Designed to make qualitative research skills accessible to practitioners with little or no previous training in social sciences, the book describes methods of gathering, reviewing and interpreting qualitative information, by using a variety of sources and methods to produce effective, reliable and trustworthy data. Using case studies from Africa and Asia involving field personnel working in water supply, sanitation and health/hygiene education projects, the handbook was developed as a practical answer to the limitations of using a single method or instrument for information gathering. Alternatives to questionnaires are proposed, including a variety of methods and tools that can be mixed and matched; appraisals of individual methods and tools to help in the selection of the most appropriate combinations for the desired purpose; and a useful selection of common mistakes and pitfalls. This work has been endorsed by UNICEF which is supporting its dissemination. Those working in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene education sectors should find the practical guidelines outlined in this handbook useful. At the same time, it can be applied to wider areas, such as assessments of health practices and health promotion, in both developing and developed countries. The approaches and methods described are transferable to any discipline which requires qualitative assessment from social and cultural perspectives.


Part 1 What is the HEP? why assess hygiene practices? who is this handbook for? is this a participatory handbook? Part 2 Planning a hygiene evaluation study: what am I going to investigate? what types of information will I need? who will be involved? who will be in the study team? what resources will I need? when should I do hygiene evaluation study? Part 3 Training the study team: sensitizing the study team; transferring technical know-how; management, review, and analysis of information; developing working hypotheses; outlining the study design; what resources are needed? how much time should be allowed for training? Part 4 Designing a hygiene evaluation study: hygiene evaluation cycle; defining the objectives of the study; developing specific objective; sampling strategies; putting in place data quality checks; scheduling activities. Part 5 Methods and tools for investigating the context: healthwalk (systematic walkabout); structured (spot-check) observations; key-informant interviewing; community mapping; seasonal calendar; gender roles/tasks analysis; appraisal of the methods and tools. Part 6 Investigating hygiene practice: three-pile sorting; pocket chart; semi-structured (informal) interviews; focus group discussion; appraisal of the methods and tools. Part 7 Analysis, presentation, and implementation of findings: stages of analysis and interpretation of findings; establishing the trustworthiness of information; presentation of findings; implementation of findings.

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