The Ocean: Global Climate Change in the Oceans: A Review. Global Warming and Coastal Ecosystem Response: How Northern and Southern Hemispheres May Differ in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Climate Controls: Northern Hemisphere Climate Change: Physical Processes and Observed Changes. Climate Along the Extratropical West Coast of South America. North-South Comparisons: Climate Controls. Hydrology and Geomorphology: Regional Hydrological Responses to Global Change in Western North America. Chilean Geomorphology and Hydology: Response to Global Change. North-South Comparisons: Hydrology-Geomorphology. Biochemistry: Response of Major North American Ecosystems to Global Change: A Biogeochemical Perspective. Terrestrial Biogeochemical Feedbacks in Global Warming: Some Predictions for South America. North-South Comparisons: Biogeochemistry. Intertidal: Possible Ecological Responses to Global Climate Change: Near Shore Benthic Biota of North-Eastern Pacific Coastal Ecosystems. Southeastern Pacific Coastal Environments: Main Features, Large Scale Peturbations and Global Climate Change. Pacific Ocean Coastal Ecosystems and Global Climate Change. Plants: Full and Late Glacial Paleoenvironmental Scenarios for the West Coast of Southern South America. Vegetation in Western North America, Past and Future. Global Change: The Flora and Vegetation of Chile. North-South Comparisons: Vegetation. Animals: Assessing the Effects of Global Change on Animals in Western North America. Effect of Global Climatic Change Terrestrial Mammals in Chile. North-South Comparisons: Animals. Managed Systems and Human Impacts: Effects of Global Warming on Managed Coastal Ecosystems of Western North America. North-South Comparisons: Managed Systems. Concluding Remarks. Chapter References. Subject Index.