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Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach

New Edition
Provides the most advanced synthesis of insect ecology, with updated material throughout and new chapters
Presents the roles of insects in delivery of ecosystem services and applications to pest management and conservation
Features full coverage of ecosystem structure and function balanced with essential background on evolutionary aspects
Includes case studies highlighting practical and theoretical applications for topics covered in each chapter

By: Timothy D Schowalter (Editor)

774 pages, colour & b/w illustrations

Academic Press

Hardback | Aug 2016 | Edition: 4 | #231752 | ISBN-13: 9780128030332
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1 week Details
NHBS Price: £60.99 $78/€73 approx
Hardback | May 2011 | Edition: 3 | #190725 | ISBN-13: 9780123813510
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1 week Details
NHBS Price: £63.99 $81/€76 approx

About this book

Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach, Fourth Edition, follows a hierarchical organization that begins with relatively easy-to-understand chapters on adaptive responses of insect populations to various environmental changes, disturbances, and anthropogenic activities, how insects find food and habitat resources, and how insects allocate available energy and nutrients.

Chapters build on fundamental information to show how insect populations respond to changing environmental conditions, including spatial and temporal distribution of food and habitat. The next section integrates populations of interacting species within communities and how these interactions determine structure of communities over time and space.

Other works in insect ecology stop there, essentially limiting presentation of insect ecology to evolutionary responses of insects to their environment, including the activities of other species. The unique aspect of Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach is its four chapters on ecosystem structure and function, and how herbivores, pollinators, seed predators, and detritivores drive ecosystem dynamics and contribute to ecosystem stability.

Reviews of previous edition:

"Schowalter's 2nd edition of Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach is a gem – a complete course in modern ecology from the vantage point of insects in ecological systems. Accessible and engaging, yet it treats the most complex ecological phenomena from individual behavior and population processes through landscape and regional-scale issues."
– Dan Simberloff, University of Tennessee

"Schowalter provides a well-illustrated, comprehensive integration of population, community, and ecosystem ecology that demonstrates the global importance of insects in terrestrial and aquatic domains. Examples from temperate and tropical studies are related to a wide range of fundamental ecological concepts. The synthesis of current literature is thoroughly developed and will be widely appreciated by beginning students and established professionals."
– Alan Covich, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia

"This very stimulating book will interest entomologists and ecologists alike. Schowalter broadens the traditional scope of insect ecology to communities and ecosystems. He gives an excellent overview how insects shape ecosystem functioning, including their critical role in major trophic interactions such as decomposition, pollination, herbivory and biological control."
– Teja Tscharntke, University of Gottingen, Germany


Contents

    Preface
    Chapter 1: Overview
        Abstract
        1. Scope of insect ecology
        2. Ecosystem ecology
        3. Environmental change and disturbance
        4. Ecosystem approach to insect ecology
        5. Scope of this book
    Section I: Ecology of individual insects
        Introduction
        Chapter 2: Responses to Abiotic Conditions
            Abstract
            Introduction
        Chapter 3: Resource Acquisition
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Resource quality
            3. Resource acceptability
            4. Resource availability
            5. Summary
        Chapter 4: Resource Allocation
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Resource budget
            3. Allocation of assimilated resources
            4. Efficiency of resource use
            5. Summary
    Section II: Population ecology
        Introduction
        Chapter 5: Population Systems
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Population structure
            3. Population Processes
            4. Life history characteristics
            5. Parameter estimation
            6. Summary
        Chapter 6: Population Dynamics
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Population fluctuation
            3. Factors affecting population size
            4. Models of population change
            5. Summary
        Chapter 7: Biogeography
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Geographic distribution
            3. Spatial dynamics of populations
            4. Habitat connectivity
            5. Anthropogenic effects on spatial dynamics
            6. Models of spatial dynamics
            7. Summary
    Section III: Community ecology
        Introduction
        Chapter 8: Species Interactions
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Direct interactions
            3. Indirect effects
            4. Factors affecting interactions
            5. Consequences of interactions
            6. Summary
        Chapter 9: Community Structure
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Approaches to describing communities
            3. Patterns of community structure
            4. Determinants of community structure
            5. Summary
        Chapter 10: Community Dynamics
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Short-term change in community structure
            3. Successional change in community structure
            4. Paleoecology
            5. Diversity versus stability
            6. Summary
    Section IV: Ecosystem level
        Introduction
        Chapter 11: Ecosystem Structure and Function
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Ecosystem structure
            3. Energy flow
            4. Biogeochemical cycling
            5. Climate modification
            6. Urban ecosystems
            7. Ecosystem modeling
            8. Summary
        Chapter 12: Herbivory
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Types and patterns of herbivory
            3. Effects of herbivory
            4. Summary
        Chapter 13: Pollination, Seed Predation, and Seed Dispersal
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Types and patterns of pollination
            3. Effects of pollination
            4. Types and patterns of seed predation and dispersal
            5. Effects of seed predation and dispersal
            6. Summary
        Chapter 14: Decomposition and Pedogenesis
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Types and patterns of detritivory and burrowing
            3. Effects of detritivory and burrowing
            4. Summary
        Chapter 15: Insects as Regulators of Ecosystem Processes
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Development of the concept
            3. Ecosystems as cybernetic systems
            4. Summary
    Section V: Applications and synthesis
        Introduction
        Chapter 16: Application to Sustainability of Ecosystem Services
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Provisioning services
            3. Cultural services
            4. Supporting services
            5. Regulating services
            6. Valuation of ecosystem services
            7. Threats to ecosystem services
            8. Insects as indicators of environmental change
            9. Summary
        Chapter 17: Management of Insect Populations
            Abstract
            1. Introduction
            2. Integrated pest management
            3. Conservation/restoration ecology
            4. Summary
        Chapter 18: Summary and Synthesis
            Abstract
            1. Summary
            2. Synthesis
            3. Critical issues
            4. Conclusions
    Bibliography
    Author Index
    Taxonomic Index (Arthropods only)
    Subject Index


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Biography

Timothy D. Schowalter received his Ph.D. degree in Entomology from the University of Georgia in 1979. Since 1981, he has been a professor of entomology at Oregon State University, Corvallis, studying the effects of environmental changes, including natural and anthropogenic disturbances, on arthropod communities in temperate and tropical ecosystems, and effects of herbivores and detritivores on primary production, carbon flux, biogeochemical cycling. From 1992-93, he served as Program Director for Integrative and Theoretical Ecology at the National Science Foundation, where he was involved in developing global change and terrestrial ecosystem research initiatives at the federal level. He served as a U.S. delegate to international conventions to develop collaboration between U.S. Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites and long term sites in Hungary and East Asia and the Pacific.

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