Part 1 General introduction: vision can make a difference - transboundary issues, G.E. Stout; a projection of the demand of water in the West Bank and Gaza Strip 1992-2005, G. Awartani; water management policy in Israel - a comprehensive approach, M.B. Meir; reducing the risks of conflict over fresh water resources in the Middle East, P.H. Gleick; Palestinian water supplies and demands, N. Al-Khatib and K.K. Assaf; management of Israel's water resources, J. Schwarz; a case for demand-side water management, T. Naff. Part 2 The Jordan river basin: water utilization in the Yarmuk-Jordan, 1192-1992, J.W. Eaton and D.J. Eaton; the relevance of Johnston Plan to the reality of 1993 and beyond, A. Soffer; the Arab-Israeli conflict over water resources, I. Mustafa; a budget of the surface and underground water in northern Jordan, H.S. Salem; the legal-institutional issues involved in the solution of water conflicts in the Middle East - the Jordan, D.A. Caponera. Part 3 Ground water - the mountain aquifer and Gaza: and Israeli-Palestinian water-sharing regime, J.W. Moore; eastward groundwater flow from the mountain aquifer, D.J. Scarpa; groundwater allocation in Judea and Samaria, H. Gvirtzman; the development of the water resources of the occupied Palestinian territories - some key issues, D.R.C. Grey; international law and the mountain aquifer, E. Benvenisti; approaches to the legal aspects of the conflict on water rights in Palestine/Israel, K. Kuttab and I. Isaac; water situation in the Gaza Strip, I.R. Shawwa; the Gaza Strip water problem - an emergency solution for the Palestinian population, E. Ahiram and H. Siniora. Part 4 Developing alternative water sources: contribution of water imports to Israeli-Palestinian-Jordanian peace, G.E. Gruen; costs of inter-regional conveyance of water and costs of sea water desalination, E. Kally; replenishment of Palestinian waters by artificial recharge as a non-controversial option in water resource management in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, K.K. Assaf; potential applications for desalination in the area, D. Hoffman; the role of reclamation and reuse in addressing community water needs in Israel and the West Bank, D.A. Okun; reuse of waste water for irrigation in the West Bank - some aspects, M.Y. Sbeih; fossil water under the deserts of the Middle East - a safeguard against strife, A.S. Issar; the peace canal project - a multiple conflict resolution perspective for the Middle East, B. Wachtel. Part 5 Approaches to resolving the water conflicts: economic and political adjustments to scarce water in the Middle East, T. Allan; a novel approach to the allocation of international water resources, H. Zarour and J. Isaac; water sharing through trade in markets for water rights - an illustrative application to the Middle East, N. Zeitouni et al; water policy in the context of Palestinian self-government, A.M. Lesch. (Part contents).