Desalination is a dynamically growing field with more research, more engineering, more applications, more countries, more people, and with more training programs. Advances in Water Desalination provides high quality invited reviews on progress in various aspects of the desalination field. It features comprehensive coverage of desalination science, technology, economics, markets, energy considerations, environmental impact, and more. It is a key guide for professionals and researchers in water desalination and related areas including chemical, mechanical, and civil engineers, chemists, materials scientists, manufacturers of desalination membranes, water reuse engineers, and water authorities, as well as students in these fields.
Introduction to the Book Series ix
About the Authors xi
1. Water Desalination Revisited in Changing Physical and Economic Environments 1
Yehia M. El-Sayed
2. Environmental and Performance Aspects of Pretreatment and Desalination Technologies 79
Sabine Lattemann, Sergio G. Salinas Rodriguez, Maria D. Kennedy, Jan C. Schippers, and Gary L. Amy
3. Economic Aspects of Water Desalination 197
4. Advances in Hollow-Fiber Reverse-Osmosis Membrane Modules in Seawater Desalination 309
5. Adsorption–Desalination Cycle 377
Anutosh Chakraborty, Kyaw Thu, Bidyut Baran Saha, and Kim Choon Ng
6. Advanced Instrumentation, Measurement, Control, and Automation (IMCA) in Multistage Flash (MSF) and Reverse-Osmosis (RO) Water Desalination 453
Noam Lior, Ali El-Nashar, and Corrado Sommariva
Noam Lior is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics at the University of Pennsylvania. He has long-standing experience in water desalination research, education, and consulting, since his doctoral work at the University of California Berkeley Seawater Conversion Laboratory. Dr. Lior has numerous publications and awards in the field, is the editor of Measurements and Control in Water Desalination, and is a member of the editorial board of the journal Desalination and an Associate Editor of the journal Desalination and Water Treatment.