This 30st jubilee volume (2010) of "Palaeoecology of Africa" looks back and reflects the 'state of the art' of what is actually known on former African climates and ecosystems in the format of review articles authored by specialists in the field. New research articles on climate and ecosystem dynamics as well as applied topics on geomorphic hazards and future environmental trends in Africa are included. This book will be of interest to all concerned with ecosystems dynamics, tropical forests, savannahs, deserts and related development problems of third world countries, especially ecologists, botanists, earth scientists (e.g. Quaternary and recent climate change), regional planners. It will also be valuable for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates as a reference for review and overview articles as well as a source of information for new original manuscripts and reviews on the state of the art of long term and Quaternary and Holocene landscape evolution esp. in subsaharan Africa. Palaeobotanists, Palynologists and Quaternarists will equally find this edition useful for their work.